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Pensacola in Escambia County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

“Gloucester of the Gulf”

 

—Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —

 
"Gloucester of the Gulf" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 6, 2019
1. "Gloucester of the Gulf" Marker
Inscription.  Pensacola became a center for commercial fishing by the 1870s. The industry's primary export was red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus). Pensacola's fish houses, including E.E. Saunders & Co. on the Palafox Street wharf and the Warren Fish Company on the Baylen Street wharf, caught nearly five million pounds of red snapper each year. These massive catches eventually led to overfishing, forcing fishermen to roam as far as the coast of Mexico to find fish.

The last all-sail fishing fleet in the United States, Pensacola's red snapper fishing schooners were often called "smacks" because of the sound of water and fish splashing inside the vessels' live wells. These fishing smacks were a unique fixture of the city's waterfront until the decline of the industry in the mid-1900s.

Photo captions:
Top right: Out at sea in the early 190Os, a commercial fisherman from Pensacola shows off his recent red snaper catch. (Image courtesy of the UWF Historic Trust)
Bottom right: Archaeologists recovered this deck prism from a commercial fishing shipwreck in the near Blackwater River. Prisms like these helped disperse daylight
View of "Gloucester of the Gulf" Marker and the Pensacola Bay. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 6, 2019
2. View of "Gloucester of the Gulf" Marker and the Pensacola Bay.
to dark areas in a ship's cabin. (Image courtesy of UWF Archaeology Institute)
Background Image: Red Snapper fishing schooners lined up along one of Pensacola's wharves, c 1910. (Image courtesy of the UWF Historic Trust)

 
Erected 2016 by the City of Pensacola and the University of West Florida Historic Trust. (Marker Number I.)
 
Location. 30° 24.271′ N, 87° 13.198′ W. Marker is in Pensacola, Florida, in Escambia County. Marker is on South Devilliers Street 0.1 miles south of West Main Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Near the Blue Wahoos Stadium. Marker is at or near this postal address: South Devilliers Street, Pensacola FL 32502, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A History Shaped by Hurricanes (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Archaeology in a Maritime Community (about 600 feet away); St. Joseph Catholic Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Trader Jon's (approx. 0.4 miles away); Industry At Sea (approx. 0.4 miles away); Luna Expedition (approx. 0.4 miles away); A New Territory for the U.S. (approx. 0.4 miles away); Gen. Andrew Jackson (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pensacola.
 
More about this marker. Photo caption spelling of "snaper" should be "snapper."
 
Also see . . .  Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail with map. (Submitted on March 8, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories.
Marker with City of Pensacola buildings in background. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 6, 2019
3. Marker with City of Pensacola buildings in background.
Industry & CommerceWaterways & Vessels
 
More. Search the internet for "Gloucester of the Gulf".
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 8, 2019. This page originally submitted on March 8, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 44 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 8, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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