Logan Circle in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Logan Circle, Just Ahead
A Fitting Tribute
—Logan Circle Heritage Trail —
Three Union leaders of the Civil War set up housekeeping on the new Iowa Circle, as Logan Circle was originally named. General Eliphalet Whittlesey of Number 8 worked for the Freedman's Bureau after the war and helped start Howard University. Captain Allen V. Reed, wartime commander of the USS Kansas lived at 6 Logan Circle; his daughters remained there into the 1930s. General Benjamin Brice, Paymaster general, lived at number 20.
Most notable was former Union Army General John A. Logan. On June 12, 1885, African American bands played and a crowd cheered as Logan arrived home at Iowa Circle. The recently re-elected U.S. senator from Illinois was known for promoting civil rights and establishing Memorial Day in 1868. After thanking the crowd, Logan invited all inside, where he reportedly shook a thousand hands. In 1901 veterans joined Congress to fund the circle's monument to Logan.
The Logan Circle Neighborhood began with city boosters' dreams of greatness. The troops, cattle pens, and hubbub of the Civil War (1861-1865) had nearly ruined Washington, and when the fighting ended, Congress threatened to move the nation's capital elsewhere. So city leaders raced to repair and modernize the city. As paved streets, waster and gas lines, street lights, and sewers reached undeveloped areas, wealthy whites followed. Mansions soon sprang up around an elegant park where Vermont and Rhode Island Avenues met. The circle was named Iowa Circle, thanks to Iowa Senator William Boyd Allison. In 1901 a statue of Civil War General (and later Senator) John A. Logan, a founder of Memorial Day, replaced the park's central fountain. The circle took his name in 1930. The title
As the city grew beyond Logan Circle, affluent African Americans gradually replaced whites here. Most of them moved on during World War II, and their mansions were divided into rooming houses to meet a wartime housing shortage. By the 1960s, with suburban Maryland and Virginia drawing investment, much of the neighborhood had decayed. When civil disturbances erupted after the 1968 assassination of the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., it hit bottom. Ten years later, however, long-time residents, newcomers, and new city programs spurred revival. A Fitting Tribute: Logan Circle Heritage Trail takes you through the neighborhood's lofty and low times to introduce the array of individuals who shaped its modern vitality.
Erected 2012 by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 6.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Logan Circle Heritage Trail marker series.
Location. 38° 54.641′ N, 77° 1.75′ W. Marker is in Logan Circle, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on Vermont Avenue Northwest south of Q Street Northwest when traveling south. Touch for map Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. If These Mansions Could Talk (within shouting distance of this marker); Old Korean Legation Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Charles M. “Sweet Daddy” Grace Residence (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Pratt House (about 400 feet away); Belford V. Lawson and Marjorie M. Lawson Residence (about 400 feet away); John Logan Memorial (about 400 feet away); Major General John A. Logan (about 400 feet away); 6 Logan (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Logan Circle.
Categories. • African Americans • Man-Made Features • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 20, 2019. This page originally submitted on January 8, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 455 times since then and 9 times this year. Last updated on March 8, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 8, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 3. submitted on December 2, 2017, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on January 8, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.