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Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

First Volunteer Brigade

Artillery Reserve

 

—Army of the Potomac —

 
First Volunteer Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
1. First Volunteer Brigade Tablet
Inscription.
Army of the Potomac
Artillery Reserve
First Volunteer Brigade

Lieut. Col. Freeman McGilvery

5th Mass. Battery E
(10th New York Battery Attached)
Capt. Charles A. Phillips

9th Mass. Battery
Capt. John Bigelow, Lieut. Richard S. Milton

15th New York Battery
Capt. Patrick Hart

Batteries C and F Penna.
Capt. James Thompson

July 2 Went into action at 3.30 p.m. on this road. Batteries C and F Penna. on the right in the Peach Orchard line facing west. About 5 p.m. opened and repulsed a heavy column of Infantry charging the Brigade. About 6 p.m. the Confederates gained position on the left and the Infantry fell back leaving the Artillery without support. Four Batteries fell back 250 yards and renewed their fire. Battery B 1st New Jersey and 15th New York Battery retired from the field. The advanced line of the 3rd Corps having been abandoned the Artillery Brigade took up a new position 400 yards in the rear and opened on the enemy with canister and at 8 p.m. retired to the battle line of the army.
 
Erected 1913 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
 
Location. 39° 48.047′ N, 77° 14.854′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania,
First Volunteer Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
2. First Volunteer Brigade Tablet
in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of Wheatfield Road and Sickles Avenue, on the right when traveling west on Wheatfield Road. Touch for map. Located near stop 10, the Peach Orchard, on the driving tour of Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 10th Independent Battery New York Light Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); 139th Pennsylvania Volunteers (within shouting distance of this marker); 15th New York Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); 5th Massachusetts Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); Clark's Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); 7th New Jersey Volunteers (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 141st Pennsylvania Infantry (about 400 feet away); Sickles' Excelsior Brigade (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Peach Orchard. National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on October 29, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. The 21st Mississippi and McGilvery's Line. The simple paragraph on the tablet does not do justice to the contest that centered on possession of the guns. (Submitted on October 29, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
McGilvery's Brigade on the Wheatfield Road image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
3. McGilvery's Brigade on the Wheatfield Road
Looking down Wheatfield Road, with the tablet seen at the intersection with Sickles Avenue. The batteries of the 1st Volunteer Brigade were placed along this line, facing south in order to bolster the skirmish line deployed between the Peach Orchard and Rose Woods.
Peach Orchard Salient Artillery Positions image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
4. Peach Orchard Salient Artillery Positions
When the Confederate assaults in the late afternoon of July 2 stepped forward, the Peach Orchard salient had a large number of batteries from both the III Corps Artillery Brigade and the Army's artillery reserve. The general locations of those batteries are indicated here in this panoramic view from the Longstreet Observation tower. Turnbull's (Six 12pdr Napoleons), Seeley's (Six 12pdr Napoleons), and Bucklyn's (Six 12pdr Napoleons) all fronted the Emmitsburg Road facing west supporting Humphrey's infantry. Thompson's (Six 3-inch Rifles) and Ames' (Six 12pdr Napoleons) Batteries were at the northwest corner of the Peach Orchard. Hart's (Six 12pdr Napoleons), Clark's (Six 10-pdr Parrotts), Philipps' (Six 3-inch Rifles), and Bigelow's (Six 12pdr Napoleons) Batteries were placed along what is today the Wheatfield Road (running down the slope away from the camera), facing south.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 29, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 897 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 29, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on October 26, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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