“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pecos in Reeves County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Pecos, Texas

Pecos, Texas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 4, 2014
1. Pecos, Texas Marker
A West Texas “welcome” is the friendliest greeting in the whole world; and Pecos is as “West Texas” as it gets! To receive a Pecos welcome, just stop! Stop at the excellent park and zoo, at the authentic frontier hotel that's now a museum. Stop anywhere in the town of Pecos - but first stop at the Chamber of Commerce for details and information; on Cedar Street (US 285) near First Street.

Pecos Bill
Verses about the mythical cowboy were fabricated by old-time cowhands in their bunkhouses and beside range campfires. Passed from ranch to ranch with new verses, the deeds of Pecos Bill were part of the range cowboys' homemade entertainment. Versions varied but most agreed that he was the youngest of 18 children and that he was separated from his family at a crossing of the Pecos River. Pecos Bill was raised by coyotes until a cowboy convinced him of his real identity. Then, according to his cowhand storytellers, Pecos Bill taught gophers to dig holes for fence-posts, rode everything from mountain lions to cyclones, and roped huge herds with one loop of his lariat. Range-hardened old-timers
Pecos, Texas Marker Kiosk image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 4, 2014
2. Pecos, Texas Marker Kiosk
said Bill died from laughing- "at the dudes who call themselves cowboys."

Ride ‘em, Cowboy!
Pecos Bill would have taken all the prizes if he'd been on a dusty street in Pecos back in 1883. As it was, cowboys from rival ranches competed for the prizes and bragging rights in what Pecos claims was the world's first rodeo. Although other towns dispute that claim, the fact remains that in July 1883 Trav Windham, foreman of the Lazy Y, won a $40 prize for roping and tying his steer in 22 seconds in the middle of Oak Street - the same Trav Windham who was still leading rodeo parades in the 1930s! You're the lucky visitor if you're in Pecos around July 4th - that's rodeo time at the granddaddy of 'em all!

This Land
In the rolling-to-mountainous 2,600 square miles that make up Reeves County, ranches here average 15,000 arid acres. World-famous Pecos cantaloupes grow here, too. To the southwest gush the San Solomon Springs in the fertile fields of Madera Valley. The land slopes from the Davis Mountains in the southwest to the county's northeastern boundary - the Pecos River. To the north near the New Mexico line is Red Bluff Lake, an impoundment of the Pecos.

The Pecos rises in the mountains southeast of Santa Fe, New Mexico, winds south 260 miles, and enters Texas. Due to diversions and impoundments, the river today little resembles
Pecos, Texas Marker Kiosk (<i>wide view; located by southeast corner of former Railroad Depot</i>) image. Click for full size.
3. Pecos, Texas Marker Kiosk (wide view; located by southeast corner of former Railroad Depot)
the raging torrent that was the Pecos River of a century ago that westward-bound settlers approached with trepidation. More than just another river to cross - the Pecos marked the beginning of a lawless land where the nearest semblance of law and order was self-appointed Judge Roy Bean in Langtry, far to the south. (A replica in Pecos of the judge's Jersey Lily saloon/courtroom is a favored locale for snapshots.)

Pecos City
In 1881 workers pushed the steel rails of the Texas & Pacific across Reeves County, leaving a stop named Pecos Station on the banks of the Pecos River. Pecos Callahan, son of the railway agent who doubled as postmaster, was the first white child born here in the lawless years. "Pecosin’” became a term for dumping murder victims into the Pecos River, until the county was organized and law came to Pecos City.

West of the Pecos Museum
Step back into Pecos' colorful heritage as you enter the West of the Pecos Museum (the bullet hole near the door is from a long-ago gunfight). Now filled with memorabilia, mementoes, and artifacts, the three stories of rooms in the old Orient Hotel across from the railroad station served travelers until the 1950s. Exhibits show life as it was for lawman, rancher and rancher's wife, doctor, barber, schoolmarm, and saloonkeeper.

Examine a collection of Indian artifacts, and survey
Robert Clay Allison Gravesite (<i>located 1/2 block south of marker on South Oak Street</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 4, 2014
4. Robert Clay Allison Gravesite (located 1/2 block south of marker on South Oak Street)
the bedroom and parlor of the old bridal suite. In the courtyard you'll find the old jail and hanging tree, the oldest house in Pecos, and the grave of gunfighter Clay Allison. During the cantaloupe season, visitors are served a slice of the renowned Pecos melons. Museum hours are 9-5 Monday through Saturday, 2-5 Sunday (6 p.m. closing in summer); downtown adjacent to the Chamber of Commerce (corner of first Street and Cedar - US 285).

The Gentleman Gunfighter
Born in Tennessee around 1840, legend says Clay Allison served the Confederacy as a spy; when captured, he escaped by slipping his unusually small hands through the manacles. Small or not, Clay Allison's hands were adept enough with six-shooters to outdraw and kill 20 men, earning the sobriquet of the "Gentleman Gunfighter" - a title given, it was said, because "he never killed a man who didn't need killing."

The Clay Allison legend includes tales of gunfights and escapades that range from a Dodge City showdown with Bat Masterson to an encounter with Wyatt Earp to a Bowie knife fight in a fresh-dug grave with the winner shoveling the first over the loser. Storytellers agree that he was driving to his ranch from Pecos City in 1887 when he was pitched off his wagon and crushed beneath its wheels - they disagree as to whether or not he was sober. His grave is in the park area downtown, near the
Robert Clay Allison Grave & Monument image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 4, 2014
5. Robert Clay Allison Grave & Monument
Robert Clay Allison

He never killed a man
that did not need killing
West of the Pecos Museum.

You’ll Like Maxey Park
Take more than a passing glance at the green oasis of Maxey Park along I-20 just east of the airport (hundreds of aviation cadets trained here during WWII). Yes, that really is a zebra, and there are buffalo, ostriches, and a variety of other exotic species. A favorite with visitors is the prairie dog town. There's also a botanical garden with regional flowers and shrubs, a children's miniature version of the storied Alamo, and an excellent playground. And there are picnic and overnight camping areas where visitors are welcome.

Red Bluff Lake and Balmorhea State Park
Up the Pecos River is Red Bluff Lake that provides a wide variety of water sports in the arid region - fishing folk report excellent catches of white bass, hybrid striped bass, and native catfish. About 43 miles northwest by way of US 285.

To the southwest is Balmorhea State Park with the fabled San Solomon Springs that flow 25 million gallons daily into the huge swimming pool (62,000 square feet). Cabins, camping and trailer sites, playground and picnic areas. Open Memorial Day to Labor Day. South on Texas 17 to the town of Balmorhea, then 4 miles southwest off US 290.

(photo captions)
• Ride 'em cowboy! A great Western tradition that dates back to 1883, the Pecos Rodeo provides thrills and
Robert Clay Allison Headstone image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 4, 2014
6. Robert Clay Allison Headstone
Robert C. Allison
Co F
9th Tenn Cav
Sep 2 1840
Jul 3 1887
Gun Fighter
spills every 4th of July weekend.
• A relic of the gunfightin’ days of the Old West is the last resting place of legendary "Gentleman Gunfighter" Clay Allison.
• Step back in time and belly up to the bar at the West of the Pecos Museum, a remarkable collection of Old West memorabilia.
• The ever-curious inhabitants of prairie dog town are among the variety of animals and special attractions at Maxey Park.
• The vast, loamy land produces the world-renowned, luscious Pecos cantaloupes, prized by gourmets for their size and flavor.
Location. 31° 25.657′ N, 103° 29.769′ W. Marker is in Pecos, Texas, in Reeves County. Marker is at the intersection of East 1st Street and South Oak Street, on the right when traveling west on East 1st Street. Touch for map. Marker is mounted in a kiosk beside the sidewalk, near the southeast corner of the Pecos Chamber of Commerce building - formerly the Pecos Railroad Depot. Marker is at or near this postal address: 100 West 1st Street, Pecos TX 79772, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Orient Hotel (within shouting distance of this marker); The Pecos Cantaloupe (within shouting distance of this marker); Reeves County-Pecos, Texas (within shouting distance of this marker); Spanish Explorers (within shouting distance of this marker); Mrs. Lillie W. Cole (within shouting distance of this marker); Emigrants' Crossing (within shouting distance of this marker); George R. Reeves (approx. ¼ mile away); Reeves County World War II Memorial (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pecos.
Also see . . .  New Mexico Bad Boy – Clay Allison. Robert Andrew “Clay” Allison was once asked what he did for a living and he replied “I am a shootist.” It is simply not possible to verify the multiple accounts of his numerous outrageous activities with “news” being what it was at the time and a century intervening. Though many of the tales were highly exaggerated, if even half of them were true, people were right to be afraid of him. Clay Allison’s life was certainly an adventure, from cattle rustling, to lynching, to coining the term “shootist.” But his life was also marked by much success as a rancher. Whether Clay Allison was a gentleman or a villain is a question that many have never settled in their own minds. On August 28, 1975, in a special ceremony, his remains were re-interred in Pecos Park, just west of the Pecos Museum. (Submitted on April 3, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
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Credits. This page was last revised on April 3, 2019. This page originally submitted on April 1, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 123 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on April 2, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on April 3, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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