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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cahokia in St. Clair County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

French-Colonial Home Site Of Jean Baptiste Hamelin

 
 
French-Colonial Home Site Of Jean Baptiste Hamelin Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, 2015
1. French-Colonial Home Site Of Jean Baptiste Hamelin Marker
Inscription.  With this marker we honor Captain Jean Baptiste Hamelin and the citizens of Cahokia for their sacrifice, and the role they played in the American Revolutionary War. In the latter days of the Revolutionary War, both American and British had ambitions to control the Mississippi River transportation route. In May 1780, the British attacked all the Mississippi river towns, including Cahokia.

In retaliation, Captain Jean Baptiste Hamelin led a group of Cahokians against the British Fort St. Joseph in Michigan. Hamelin's forces captured the British traders and trade goods and headed for home. A party of British caught up with them on December 5, 1780. Hamelin's forces suffered casualties and some were taken prisoner; others escaped back to Cahokia. Captain J.B. Hamelin lost his life fighting for the fledgling American Country.

Jean Baptiste Hamelin was from a prominent French-Canadian family who had arrived in Canada in the 17th century. His forebears were Seigneurs in Grondines, Quebec. Several generations of Hamelins became fur traders and voyageurs and had deep ancestral roots in Michilimackinac, MI and Cahokia. J.B. Hamelin served in the Second Canadian Regiment of the Continental Army, until he was recruited to serve with George Rogers Clark in Cahokia in 1779.

The Hamelin home site was discovered and excavated by the Illinois Transportation Archaeological Research Program (ITARP) in the spring of 2007. The home site was occupied around 1760-1780, and included period 'Poteaux En Terre' (post-in-ground) structures identified as a dwelling, barn and outbuildings.

 
Erected 2013 by Illinois State Historical Society.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Illinois State Historical Society marker series.
 
Location. 38° 34.242′ N, 90° 11.268′ W. Marker is in Cahokia, Illinois, in St. Clair County. Marker is on East 1st Street, on the left when traveling east. The marker is located at the Cahokia Wedge, across from the Jarrot Mansion and at the intersection of Route 3 and Camp Jackson/Hwy 157. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 999 East 1st Street, East Saint Louis IL 62206, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. John Jacob Hays (1770-1836) (approx. mile away); St. Louis Arsenal (approx. 1.9 miles away in Missouri); Nathaniel Lyon (approx. 2 miles away in Missouri); a different marker also named St. Louis Arsenal (approx. 2.1 miles away in Missouri); Cherokee Cave (approx. 2.1 miles away in Missouri); Origins (approx. 2.1 miles away in Missouri); DeMenil Mansion (approx. 2.2 miles away in Missouri); DeMenil Place During The Gay Nineties (approx. 2.2 miles away in Missouri).
 
Categories. Settlements & SettlersWar, US Revolutionary

 

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Credits. This page was last revised on April 27, 2019. This page originally submitted on April 17, 2019, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 56 times since then. Photo   1. submitted on April 17, 2019, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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