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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
National Park in Gloucester County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

James and Ann Whitall House

 
 
James and Ann Whitall House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 7, 2008
1. James and Ann Whitall House Marker
Inscription. James Whitall, a wealthy Quaker farmer and merchant, and his wife Ann Cooper built the main brick section in 1748. On April 16, 1777, the Pennsylvania militia commandeered the farm and built Fort Mercer in the northern apple orchard. Son Job Whitall noted in his diary on October 10, 1777 that the Americans “turned us out of our kitchens ye largest room upstairs and ye shop and took our hay to feed the horses.” That day Colonel Christopher Greene had arrived to command the fort and used a portion of the house as military headquarters.

On October 22, 1777 when the attack began on Fort Mercer, family members fled to Woodbury; but Ann Whitall refused to abandon her home. When a cannonball broke through the north wall, according to legend, Ann calmly carried her spinning wheel to the cellar and continued to spin. The house, left intact, was used as a hospital after the battle. Ann remained to tend all the wounded Hessian and American soldiers.

The battle was a key victory and morale builder; however, news of a second siege caused the Americans to destroy the fort and leave the property on November 24, 1777.
 
Erected by Red Bank Battlefield Historical Park.
 
Location. 39° 52.157′ N, 75° 11.424′ 
Marker on the Red Bank Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 7, 2008
2. Marker on the Red Bank Battlefield
W. Marker is in National Park, New Jersey, in Gloucester County. Marker is on Hessian Road, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is on the Red Bank Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: National Park NJ 08063, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Medicinal Garden (a few steps from this marker); Ann Cooper Whitall (a few steps from this marker); Operations on the Delaware (a few steps from this marker); Welcome to Red Bank Battlefield Park! (a few steps from this marker); Whitall House (within shouting distance of this marker); National Park Armed Service Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome to Red Bank Battlefield (within shouting distance of this marker); The Aftermath (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in National Park.
 
More about this marker. The marker contains a map of “Fort Mercer and adjacent farm properties.” from a Section of 18th century map by Jean de Villefranche. Also on the marker is a “1988 Map of Red Bank Battlefield, maintained by Gloucester County Board of Chosen Freeholders.”. A picture of Ann Whitall working on her spinning wheel also appears on the marker.
 
Also see . . .
1. Red Bank Battlefield. Account
Marker with Whitall House image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 7, 2008
3. Marker with Whitall House
The Whitall House can be seen in this photo behind the marker.
of the action at Fort Mercer during the Revolutionary War. (Submitted on November 9, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Red Bank Battlefield Park and the James & Ann Whitall House, National Park, NJ. (Submitted on November 9, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
 
Categories. Notable BuildingsNotable EventsWar, US Revolutionary
 
James and Ann Whitall House image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 7, 2008
4. James and Ann Whitall House
This house was used as a hospital after the October 22, 1777 Battle of Red Bank. Ann Whitall remained in the house during the battle.
Whitall House Great Room image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 27, 2013
5. Whitall House Great Room
James Whitall's Office image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 27, 2013
6. James Whitall's Office
Kitchen in the Whitall House image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 27, 2013
7. Kitchen in the Whitall House
Ann's Parlor in the Whitall House image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 27, 2013
8. Ann's Parlor in the Whitall House
During the October 22, 1777 Battle of Red Bank, Ann Whitall is said to have remained in this room working with her spinning wheel.
Field Hospital in the Whitall House image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 27, 2013
9. Field Hospital in the Whitall House
After the battle, the Whitall House acted as a field hospital. Ann cared for the wounded, mostly Hessian soldiers, in this and other rooms of the house.
James and Ann Whitall House image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 27, 2013
10. James and Ann Whitall House
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 9, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,046 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 9, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on October 28, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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