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Malvern in Chester County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

General Wayne’s Encampment

Sept 19-29 1777

 
 
General Wayne’s Encampment Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 6, 2008
1. General Wayne’s Encampment Marker
Inscription.
“At about 12 o’clock Genl. Wayne came riding along in the rear of the 2nd Brigade Calling out ‘Turn out my Boys, the Lads are Comeing, [we’ll give] them a push with the Bayonet through the Smoak.’ The Troops turned out as quick as Could be Expected and Formed by Platoons, in less than five Minutes.”

Ordered to remove their musket flints and “rely solely on the Bayonet” (tradition holds that Grey was nicknamed “No Flint Grey” for this order), 1200 British troops led by a dozen troopers of the 16th Light Dragoons, moved silently towards Wayne’s position. Musgrave’s force of 600 moved towards the Paoli Tavern to block any American retreat in that direction. A squad from this detachment searched Wayne’s home Waynesborough, “but behaved with the utmost politeness to the Women and said they only wanted the General. They did not disturb the least Article.”

Two miles north of this camp, one of Wayne’s horse patrols spotted the British attack force on Swedesford Road, challenged them, fired, and returned to give warning. Immediately, Wayne roused his soldiers and had them form up. When the British reached the Warren Tavern (a mile to your left), they forced a blacksmith to guide them to this camp. At Picket Post #4 on the Lancaster Road, the sentries fired, exposing
Marker on the Paoli Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 6, 2008
2. Marker on the Paoli Battlefield
their position in the dark, and the British rushed in with bayonets, killing and wounding half of the pickets.

The American infantry first stood to your left in two-rank lines facing the front of camp (to your left), and then wheeled into files and formed a column that marched through fence openings behind you. The British approached the camp from straight ahead and slightly to the left.

From where you are standing, the artillery sped down the back of the camp along the tree line to your right and through the fence openings to get to Sugartown Road, about 300 yards behind you.

“Intelligence having been received of the situation of General Wayne and his design of attacking our Rear, a plan was concerted for surprising him and the execution entrusted to Major-General [Charles] Grey. The Troops for this service were the 40th and 55th Regiments under Colonel [Thomas] Musgrave, and the 2nd Battalion Light Infantry, the 42nd and 44th Regiments under General Grey … Grey’s Detachment marched at 10 o’clock at night, that under Colonel Musgrave at 11.”
From the British Camp, Captain John André, September 20

Wayne’s force of 2200 men arrived on this ground during the afternoon of September 19, 1777, and remained here for the next 30 hours. On the evening of September 20, Wayne’s troops were prepared to march towards the British camp at Tredyffrin,
General Wayne’s Encampment Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 6, 2008
3. General Wayne’s Encampment Marker
but threatening weather and delayed reinforcements caused them to remain here and build shelters called “booths” or “wigwams” to protect their ammunition from the rain.

After dark, having received two warnings that he might be attacked, Wayne doubled the number of pickets and sent out horsemen to patrol the roads.

You are standing near the center of Wayne’s camp, approximately along the line of campfires, and facing the right flank. The artillery was parked about 200 yards in front of you, the “wigwams” or “booths” were lined up to your immediately right, and supply wagons were behind the booths along the tree line. The British camp was ahead of you in Tredyffrin Township, four miles east of this camp.
 
Location. 40° 1.805′ N, 75° 31.054′ W. Marker is in Malvern, Pennsylvania, in Chester County. Marker is on Monument Avenue, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is on the Paoli Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Malvern PA 19355, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. “…The most dreadful scene I have ever beheld.” (here, next to this marker); “A Dreadful scene of havock” (within shouting distance of this marker); The Paoli Battlefield
Paoli Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 6, 2008
4. Paoli Battlefield
This photo looks in the direction of the British attack on the night of September 20, 1777. Several markers are at this location, the site of Gen. Wayne's camp. The "General Wayne's Encampment" marker is the one in the distance by the fenceline.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Camp Life (within shouting distance of this marker); Battlefield Site Map (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); This Wall (about 300 feet away); Paoli Massacre Monument (about 300 feet away); "We bury’d our Dead next day in the field of Battle, All kill’d by the sword and Bayonet." (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Malvern.
 
More about this marker. The marker contains a map of General Wayne’s Sept 19-20, 1777 encampment, showing American and British troop movements. Also on the marker is a picture of Major-General Charles “No Flint” Grey.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. This series of markers follow the walking trail of the Paoli Battlefield.
 
Also see . . .
1. Background to the Battle of Paoli. Paoli Battlefield website. (Submitted on November 11, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. The Battle of Paoli (Massacre) September 21, 1777 at Malvern, Pennsylvania.
Map of General Wayne’s Encampment from Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 6, 2008
5. Map of General Wayne’s Encampment from Marker
The American Revolutionary War website. (Submitted on November 11, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

3. The Battle of Paoli also known as the Paoli Massacre. A British perspective of the battle from BritishBattles.com (Submitted on November 11, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Notable EventsNotable PlacesWar, US Revolutionary
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 11, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 775 times since then and 53 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 11, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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