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Carlisle in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Confederate Artillery in Carlisle

 
 
Confederate Artillery in Carlisle Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 11, 2019
1. Confederate Artillery in Carlisle Marker
Inscription.  Early in the evening of July 1, 1863, Union Brig. General William F. "Baldy" Smith entered Carlisle from Bridgeport (Lemoyne) with 2,500 troops subsequent to the departure of Confederate infantry the prior day, only to find the town facing attack by a second rebel force of 1,500 cavalry under the command of Maj. General J.E.B. Stuart. Stuart's force was comprised of Brig. General Fitzhugh Lee's Brigade and the 1st Stuart Horse Artillery, commanded by CPT James Breathed. Refusing to surrender the town, Smith soon found his men and the town receiving fire from four 3 inch Phoenix Ordnance Rifles deployed in two sections.

With the Union forces concentrated in the square, the dismounted Confederate cavalry occupied positions in this general vicinity on the East side of the Letort Spring Run, trading rifle fire with Union troops positioned on the other side. Two of Breathed's guns were positioned here, at the intersection of Trindle and York Roads. The second section of two guns was located a few hundred yards behind on higher ground. When the firing started, the second gun section mistook the first for the enemy and fired upon them - an
Marker detail: Captain James E. Breathed image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: Captain James E. Breathed
error quickly corrected. The firing continued throughout the night until 3:00 AM the next morning, when, low on ammunition and summoned to the battle at Gettysburg, Breathed's guns took three parting shots and Stuart's force left under the cover of darkness.

Union General Smith's report of the action cited 134 Confederate cannon rounds fired on the town, inflicting minor damage with few casualties. As a result of the shelling of Carlisle, the Army of Northern Virginia was deprived of Stuart's cavalry on the first day of battle at Gettysburg, and Breathed's artillery could not take action at Gettysburg until resupplied with ammunition on the third day.
 
Erected by Historic Carlisle, Inc.
 
Location. 40° 12.029′ N, 77° 10.755′ W. Marker is in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in Cumberland County. Marker is at the intersection of York Road (Pennsylvania Route 74) and East High Street (Pennsylvania Route 641), on the right when traveling east on York Road. Touch for map. Marker is located beside the sidewalk on the south side of York Road. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2 York Road, Carlisle PA 17013, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ashland Soldiers' Lot (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); 500 U.S. Soldiers of the Civil War are Here Interred (about
Marker detail: 3 inch Phoenix Ordnance Rifle image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: 3 inch Phoenix Ordnance Rifle
700 feet away); Seven Gables Park (approx. mile away); St. Patrick's Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Saint Katharine's Hall (approx. 0.4 miles away); Bethel A.M.E. Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); Gen. John Armstrong (approx. 0.4 miles away); Gen. William Irvine (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Carlisle.
 
Also see . . .  Battle of Carlisle (Wikipedia). In addition to minimal Union and Confederate casualties, a lumber yard and the town gas works were destroyed after being set fire. However, Stuart's delay at Carlisle impacted his ability to rendezvous with Lee's main army. (Submitted on June 13, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Confederate Artillery in Carlisle Marker<br>(<i>wide view  East High Street on right</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 11, 2019
4. Confederate Artillery in Carlisle Marker
(wide view East High Street on right)
 
More. Search the internet for Confederate Artillery in Carlisle.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 13, 2019. This page originally submitted on June 11, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 41 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 13, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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