Elizabethtown in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Grist Mill Process
Standard Mill Mechanisms (panel 1)
Grain Bin • Chute • Elevator • Grain Feed • Winnower • Flour Bin • Head Gear • Overshot Water Wheel
Millstones, Cover & Grist Hopper (panel 2)
Grist for the Millstones: Whole Oats • Wheat Grain • Dried Corn • Rye Seed
Two Stones are inside a cover skirt. The bottom one stands still, while the upper one turns around. The upper stone is called the runner.
Flour fell out from the stones at the cover skirt.
Quarter Dress Stone Pattern diagram (panel 3)
Location. 40° 8.799′ N, 76° 36.19′ W. Marker is in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania, in Lancaster County. Marker is at the intersection of West Bainbridge Street and South Market Street (State Highway 743), on the right when traveling east on West Bainbridge Street. Touch for map. Marker is located in an interpretive plaza Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Millstone Plaza History (here, next to this marker); Early Telegraph (approx. 3.6 miles away); The Witness Tree (approx. 3.7 miles away); Donegal Presbyterian Church (approx. 3.7 miles away); The Witness Tree Monument (approx. 3.7 miles away); a different marker also named Donegal Presbyterian Church (approx. 3.8 miles away); River Brethren (approx. 4.1 miles away); In honor of those who served our country in Korea & Vietnam (approx. 5 miles away).
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Elizabethtown Millstone Plaza History
Also see . . .
1. The Grist Milling Process. After the American Revolution, the milling of flour grew to be Pennsylvania's most important export industry. The heart of a grist mill was its grinding stones. Millstones were made of ordinary granite or sandstone, quarried in full-size chunks. Each member of the pair had to be furrowed. The runner stone had furrows cut on the bottom and the bed stone had patterns cut on the top. Stones varied in size from four to six feet in diameter and weighed (Submitted on June 12, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Gristmill (Wikipedia). Farmers brought their own grain and received back ground meal or flour, minus a percentage called the "miller's toll." Early mills were almost always built and supported by farming communities and the miller received the "miller's toll" in lieu of wages. Most towns and villages had their own mill so that local farmers could easily transport their grain there to be milled. (Submitted on June 12, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Agriculture • Industry & Commerce • Man-Made Features •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 12, 2019. This page originally submitted on June 11, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 76 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 12, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.