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Savannah in Chatham County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

The Invention of the Cotton Gin

 
 
The Invention of the Cotton Gin Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, September 11, 2011
1. The Invention of the Cotton Gin Marker
Inscription. This creative development which was responsible for the survival of the cotton industry in the United States occurred on General Nathaniel Greene's plantation near Savannah, 10 miles northeast of this marker. Separation by hand labor of the lint from the seed of the desired upland variety of cotton produced only one pound per day per person.

Eli Whitney, a native of Massachusetts and Yale Law Graduate, came to Georgia to teach school in late 1792, at age 27. Mrs. Catherine Greene, widow of General Greene, invited Whitney to her plantation, and urged him to design a cotton gin. He secluded himself for 10 days in the spring of 1793, with a basket of cotton bolls. He discovered that a hooked wire could pull the lint through a slot in the basket, leaving the seeds inside. In his patent application Whitney described the process as: consisting of spikes driven into a wooden cylinder and having a slotted bar through which these spikes passed and having a brush to clear the spikes. The result was a hand operated cotton gin which produced over 50 pounds per person per day. It was patented March 14, 1794.

Henry Ogden Holmes, of Georgia, a resourceful, practical mechanic on the Kincaide plantation of Fairfield County, South Carolina, invented an improved gin and was granted a patent on May 12, 1796. His continuous flow gin
The Invention of the Cotton Gin Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, November 9, 2008
2. The Invention of the Cotton Gin Marker
used rip-saw teeth on a circular steel blade which passed through spaces between ribs. The circular saw gin with improvements, capable of giving 1000s of pounds per day, was still in use in 1985.

Officials of the Cotton Exchange Commission building which faces this marker, shipped from the Port of Savannah thousands of bales to a new worldwide industry, and brought prosperity to the south.
 
Erected 1986 by American Society of Agricultural Engineers.
 
Location. 32° 4.851′ N, 81° 5.396′ W. Marker is in Savannah, Georgia, in Chatham County. Marker is at the intersection of Bay St. and Drayton St, on the right when traveling west on Bay St.. Touch for map. Located in the park in front of the Cotton Exchange. Marker is in this post office area: Savannah GA 31401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Solomon's Lodge No. 1 F. & A.M Savannah, Georgia (here, next to this marker); Old Savannah Cotton Exchange (a few steps from this marker); Old City Exchange Bell (a few steps from this marker); Birthplace of the University Of Georgia (within shouting distance of this marker); Chatham Artillery's
The Invention of the Cotton Gin Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2008
3. The Invention of the Cotton Gin Marker
(within shouting distance of this marker); Solomon's Lodge No. 1 F.& A.M. (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Chatham Artillery's (within shouting distance of this marker); The Chatham Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Savannah.
 
Regarding The Invention of the Cotton Gin. The cotton gin gave birth to the American mass-production concept
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Eli Whitney Tribute
 
Also see . . .
1. National Inventors Hall of Fame. After perfecting his machine he filed an application for a patent on June 20, 1793; in February 1794 he deposited a model at the Patent Office, and on March 14 he received his patent. (Patent Number 72X ) (Submitted on November 12, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

2. The history of the cotton gin. (Submitted on November 12, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
 
Categories. Horticulture & ForestryIndustry & Commerce
 
The Cotton Exchange Building, as mentioned image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, November 9, 2008
4. The Cotton Exchange Building, as mentioned
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 12, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,623 times since then and 59 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 13, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   2, 3, 4. submitted on November 12, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
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