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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Columbia in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Railroads During the Civil War

Rivertowns

 

Civil War Trails

 
Railroads During the Civil War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, July 7, 2019
1. Railroads During the Civil War Marker
Inscription.  Columbia's strategic position would have made it a fine prize for an invading Southern army bent on disrupting vital communications and supply lines in the North. Railroads connected Columbia with Philadelphia, York, and Harrisburg, and canal transportation linked the community with both the Chesapeake Bay and the interior of Pennsylvania.

The Pennsylvania Railroad had three routes radiating from Columbia during the Civil War. The first came from Lancaster after originating in Philadelphia. This was part of a combined railroad-canal system running from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh. The second route crossed over the mile-long covered bridge across the Susquehanna River to Wrightsville on its way to York. The bridge was torched on June 28, 1863 to prevent the Confederate from crossing into Lancaster County and on to Harrisburg and possibly Philadelphia. The last branch ran adjacent to the Susquehanna River from Middletown to Columbia.

Often overlooked, a gesture of human kindness occurred in Columbia during the war. A train load of Confederate prisoners, enroute to a Federal prison camp in New Jersey, was delayed in Columbia
Railroads During the Civil War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, July 7, 2019
2. Railroads During the Civil War Marker
for several hours. The women of the town brought food and clean clothing to the train to help relieve the suffering Southern soldiers.
 
Erected by Pennsylvania Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Pennsylvania Civil War Trails, and the Pennsylvania Railroad marker series.
 
Location. 40° 1.957′ N, 76° 30.381′ W. Marker is in Columbia, Pennsylvania, in Lancaster County. Marker is on Chestnut Street (Route 462) south of North 2nd Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 151 Commerce Street, Columbia PA 17512, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Columbia (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Columbia (within shouting distance of this marker); Lincoln Highway (within shouting distance of this marker); Columbia and Its Railroads (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Old Columbia Public Grounds Co. (approx. 0.2 miles away); First National Bank (approx. 0.2 miles away); Susquehannock Apartments (approx. 0.2 miles away); Columbia: a Transportation Hub (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
 
Categories. Bridges & ViaductsRailroads & StreetcarsWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on July 7, 2019. This page originally submitted on July 7, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 47 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 7, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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