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Spencer in Roane County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Spencer

Major Civil War Events Impacting Spencer and Roane County

 

—The Blue and Gray Trail —

 
Spencer Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 14, 2008
1. Spencer Marker
Inscription.
April 12, 1861—Confederates attack Fort Sumter.

April 17, 1861—Virginia Secession Ordinance adopted.

June 19, 1861—Statewide vote on ordinance confirmed. Roane County voted in favor of secession, although majority of future West Virginia counties voted against it.

June 11, 1861—Second Wheeling Convention adopted resolution to organize pro-Union Restored Government of Virginia.

June 24, 186l—Large assembly of Roane Countians adopts resolutions of loyalty to the State of Virginia. Federal troops of the 22nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry then occupied Spencer briefly.

August 1861—11-day siege of Spencer. (See sign on right)

December 1861—Col. John C. Rathbone, Union Commander of the 11th (West) Virginia Infantry, established command post in Court House.

May 1862—Major George C. Trimble led four companies from Spencer to Arnoldsburg, where battle with Confederate guerillas resulted in victory. Col. Rathbone, located in Parkersburg, sent an erroneous
Col. John C. Rathbone image. Click for full size.
2. Col. John C. Rathbone
Close up of photo reproduced on the marker.
message to Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley in Weston that guerillas captured Arnoldsburg and Spencer. Kelley led a large force to Spencer and found it secure. Guerilla leaders deceive Rathbone into temporary truce, which was rescinded by Kelley.

September 1862—In September most Union troops in the area were sent to defend against Lee’s attacks in western Virginia, and Confederate guerillas operated more freely. Also, the Spencer Weekly Bulletin reported, “bands of horse thieves, belonging properly to neither side, ravaged the county and killed unoffending citizens.”

June 20, 1863—West Virginia becomes 35th state. Home Guards established.

October 1863—Battle of Bulltown, Braxton County, involves many Roane Countians.

May 9, 1864—Many Roane County soldiers on both sides killed and wounded at Battle of Cloyd’s Mountain. Gen. Jenkins killed.

April 9, 1865—Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox.
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This
Roane County Courthouse 1859–1887 image. Click for full size.
3. Roane County Courthouse 1859–1887
Close up of photo reproduced on marker
marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 48.1′ N, 81° 21.017′ W. Marker is in Spencer, West Virginia, in Roane County. Marker is on Main Street (U.S. 33), on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. It is at the court house. Marker is in this post office area: Spencer WV 25276, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. U. S. Civil War (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Spencer (here, next to this marker); Col. Ruby G. Bradley (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Spencer (within shouting distance of this marker); Roane County / Jackson County (approx. 9.3 miles away); Rathbone Well (approx. 13.3 miles away); Burning Springs Oil Field (approx. 13.3 miles away); First County Court (approx. 14 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Spencer.
 
More about this marker. A portrait of Col. John C. Rathbone is reproduced on the marker, as is a map of the Blue and Gray Trail and a line drawing of
This marker is on the Left image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 14, 2008
4. This marker is on the Left
the Civil War era Roane County Courthouse.
 
Also see . . .
1. 6th West Virginia Infantry. From Loyal West Virginia 1861-1865, by Theodore Lang. (Submitted on November 27, 2008.) 

2. 11th West Virginia Infantry Volunteers. John C. Dawson’s web pages. A great resource. (Submitted on December 6, 2008.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 27, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,420 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 27, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.   4. submitted on September 13, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.
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