Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
In the Path of Battle
The first took place on June 14-15, 1863, during the Gettysburg Campaign, as Union Gen. Robert H. Milroy’s army evacuated Winchester and fled north. Milroy had constructed fortifications around Winchester, but Confederate Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s corps, the vanguard of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, captured one of them on June 14. Milroy’s 7,000 men slipped away in the night and marched by here on the turnpike behind you. Confederate Gen. Edward “Allegheny” Johnson pursued them, caught up near Stephenson’s Depot two miles north of here, and captured about half of them. The Second Battle of Winchester and the surrender at Stephenson’s Depot were humiliating Federal defeats.
On September 19, 1864, the Third Battle of Winchester (or Opequon) pitted Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s army against that of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early. Sheridan attacked with most of his infantry from Berryville, east of Winchester. He sent Gen. Wesley Merrit’s cavalry division swinging northwest to Stephenson’s Depot, where it joined Union Gen. William W. Averell’s cavalrymen and then headed south toward the city. Just north of here, the cavalrymen attacked
“We drove to Mrs. Carter’s where there were some more wounded Yankees, to offer [our supplies] for their use, but the Surgeon said, his men had been so kindly treated by the citizens that they would not need them. I told him that when his men were suffering, with ours, I always shared my supplies with them; I never let a Yankee think I am a Union woman.”
– Mary Greenhow Lee, diary, July 23, 1864
“The enemy … advanced from the wood and charged our line of skirmishers. … A short but closely contested struggle ensued, which resulted in the repulse of the enemy. Many prisoners were taken, and quite a number on both sides left on the field.”
– Gen. George A. Custer
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 13.241′ N, 78° 7.854′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker is on Martinsburg Pike (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Rutherford's Farm (here, next to this marker); John Rutherford's Farm (here, next to this marker); Hackwood Park (within shouting distance of this marker); The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road (approx. 0.2 miles away); Third Battle of Winchester (approx. ¾ mile away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. ¾ mile away); The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 1.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. On the upper middle of the marker is a sketch captioned, Gen. George A. Custer's cavalry charging and capturing prisoners near the turnpike, Sept. 19, 1864. On the lower right of the marker are portraits of Gen. Robert H. Milroy and Gen. Richard S. Ewell.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 1, 2008. This page has been viewed 1,261 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 1, 2008. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.