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Aalen in Ostalbkreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
 

Roman Cavalry Fort - North-west Corner

Römisches Reiterkastell Aalen - Nordwestecke

 
 
Roman Cavalry Fort - North-west Corner Marker image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, September 21, 2019
1. Roman Cavalry Fort - North-west Corner Marker
Inscription.  Das ca. 6 ha große Kastell lag auf dem nach Südosten geneigten Hang, was noch heute gut im Gelände nachvollzogen werden kann. Von dieser Position aus hatten die Soldaten einen hervorragenden Überblick und konnten vor allem die wichtigen Straßenverbindungen nach Westen durch das Remstal Richtung Neckar, nach Süden durch das Kochertal über die Alb Riehtung Heidenheim und Augsburg und nach Nordosten Richtung Nördlinger Ries und an den Limes kontrollieren.

Der Eckturm des Kastells liegt hier ungefähr in der Mitte der St. Johann- Straße. Die 277 m lange Nordfront mit den Spitzgräben, der ca. 6m hohen Wehrmauer mit sechs Türmen und der mächtigen Porta principalis sinistra direkt vor dem Limesmuseum verlief Hang abwärts bis zum Ende der heutigen Friedhofsmauer des St. Johann-Friedhofs. Vor dieser Nordseite des kastells könnte der Exerzierplatz/ Campus gelegen haben, auf dem die Soldaten mit ihren Pferden militärische Übungen, Turniere und Paraden durchführten.

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Covering an area of around 6 hectares, the large garrison was situated on a south-eastern slope as can still be clearly seen from outside. From this position the soldiers had an excellent overview and, in particular, they were able to control the important road connections to the west though the Rems valley in the direction

Roman Cavalry Fort - North-west Corner Marker - wide view image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, September 21, 2019
2. Roman Cavalry Fort - North-west Corner Marker - wide view
of the Neckar, to the south through the Kocher valley in the direction of Heidenheim and Augsburg and to the north east in the direction of the Nördlinger Ries and to the Limes.

The corner tower of the fort was roughly here in the middle of St. Johann Strasse. The 277-metre north front, with the trenches, the 6-metre defensive wall with six towers and the mighty porta principalis sinistra directly at the Limes Museum, ran down the slope to the end of the present-day wall of the St. Johann cemetery.

The parade ground / campus, where the soldiers and their horses engaged in military exercises, tournaments and parades, was probably here on the north side of the fort.
 
Location. 48° 50.152′ N, 10° 4.976′ E. Marker is in Aalen, Baden-Württemberg, in Ostalbkreis. Marker is at the intersection of Sankt-Johann-Straße and Kastellstraße, on the left when traveling south on Sankt-Johann-Straße. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Sankt-Johann-Straße 7, Aalen, Baden-Württemberg 73430, Germany. Touch for directions.
 
Regarding Roman Cavalry Fort - North-west Corner. ("Limes" is latin for limit or border.) The marker is located across the street from the Limes information center, and perhaps 100 meters uphill of the entrance to the Limes fort museum.
 
Also see . . .  Limes Germanicus (Wikipedia). "The Limes Germanicus (Latin for Germanic frontier) is the name given in modern times to a line of frontier (limes) fortifications that bounded the ancient

Marker Inset: Roman Cavalry Fort map (marker position shown in lower right of fort) image. Click for full size.
3. Marker Inset: Roman Cavalry Fort map (marker position shown in lower right of fort)
Roman provinces of Germania Inferior, Germania Superior and Raetia, dividing the Roman Empire and the unsubdued Germanic tribes from the years 83 to about 260 AD. The Limes used either a natural boundary such as a river or typically an earth bank and ditch with a wooden palisade and watchtowers at intervals. A system of linked forts was built behind the Limes." (Submitted on November 10, 2019.) 
 
Categories. Forts, Castles
 
Marker Inset: Roman Cavalry Fort image. Click for full size.
4. Marker Inset: Roman Cavalry Fort
Artist's rendition of the fort, shown in a view from the northwest corner (i.e., from the marker site, but from above).
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on November 10, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 10, 2019, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 25 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 10, 2019, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.
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