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Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battery B, Fourth U.S. Artillery

Artillery Brigade - First Corps

 

—Army of the Potomac —

 
Battery B, Fourth U.S. Artillery Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 1, 2008
1. Battery B, Fourth U.S. Artillery Tablet
At the top of the tablet is a circle or "moon," the symbol of First corps. A disk with the seal of the U.S. Army, which was fixed above the tablet, is missing.
Inscription.
Army of the Potomac
First Corps
Artillery Brigade
Battery B Fourth U.S. Artillery

Six 12 pounders
Lieut. James Stewart commanding

July 1 In position about 200 yards south of the Lutheran Theological Seminary until 3 p.m. when ordered to support the Second Division First Corps and took position on Seminary Ridge half of the Battery in command of Lieut. James Davison between the Chambersburg Pike and Railroad cut. The other half north of the cut in corner of the woods was actively engaged. The Battery afterwards retired with the troops to Cemetery Hill and went into position on the Baltimore Pike opposite Evergreen Cemetery commanding the approach from the town two guns on the pike and two in the field two having been disabled.

Casualties killed 2 men, wounded 2 officers and 29 men, missing 3 men. Total 36.
 
Erected 1912 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
 
Location. 39° 50.14′ N, 77° 14.752′ W. Marker is in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Chambersburg Pike (U.S. 30), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located beside the Gettysburg Quality Inn, adjacent to Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Battery B, Fourth U.S. Artillery Position image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 1, 2008
2. Battery B, Fourth U.S. Artillery Position
The tablet location is roughly the spot occupied by Lt. Davidson's Section. In the past, two 12-pdr Napoleons represented the battery.
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg (within shouting distance of this marker); Highway Headquarters (within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing); a different marker also named Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Headquarters of the Army of Northern Virginia (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg (about 400 feet away); Salem Virginia Artillery (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Stewart's Battery at Gettysburg.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Railroad Cut. National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on January 14, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Battery B at Gettysburg. From a site detailing the history of the battery. (Submitted on January 17, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Tablet Location, Seen from the Road image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 1, 2008
3. Tablet Location, Seen from the Road
Davidson's View of the 2nd Railroad Cut image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 1, 2008
4. Davidson's View of the 2nd Railroad Cut
Looking from the tablet location (note the shadow on the ground) toward the 2nd railroad cut, under the bridge just right of center. Davidson's gunners fired upon portions of Daniel's Confederate Brigade in the afternoon fighting. Later when Scales' Confederate Brigade advanced down the Chambersburg Pike, Davidson's guns fired on the 38th North Carolina in the open fields in front of the cut.
Cannon restored to location image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 29, 2016
5. Cannon restored to location
In 2016, following restoration of the Thompson House/Lee's Headquarters, two 12-pdr Napoleons returned to the position, representing the battery at this location. Around mid-day on July 1, 1863, one section of three guns directly under Stewart was deployed on the north side of the railroad line. A second section, also of three guns, under Lt. Davison, was posted "just west of Ms. Thompson's dooryard." This section extended from the Chambersburg Pike to about where the monument is today. From that position, the 12-pdr Napoleons fired on Confederate troops to their front, in and around the railroad cut. Later in the afternoon, Davison's section wheeled forward to the left, fronting the Pike (left side of photo) to fire upon Confederate infantry attacking towards Seminary Ridge. Under pressure, the section withdrew through Gettysburg and reformed.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 25, 2017. This page originally submitted on January 14, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,038 times since then and 113 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 14, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5. submitted on January 25, 2017, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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