Adams-Morgan in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Meridian Hill/Malcolm X Park
Roads to Diversity
óAdams Morgan Heritage Trail ó
Europeans named the hill for Commodore David Porterís grand Meridian Hill house (1825) which straddled the route of the prime meridian (16th Street). Americans used this meridian as a starting point for mapping the continent until 1884 when it was replaced by the Greenwich (England) Prime Meridian. President John Quincy Adams leased Porterís house in 1829.
Later landowner Mary Foote Henderson persuaded federal officials to build the elaborate, European style, 12-acre Meridian Hill Park. Its starlight performances drew citywide audiences until the park began declining in the 1950s. In the 1960s it became a staging ground for political demonstrations, and in 1970 activist Angela Davis unofficially renamed it Malcolm X Park. Then in the 1990s, Friends of Meridian Hill and others worked with the National Park Service to evict criminal activity and restore the park as a cultural center.
As you proceed to Sign 3, donít miss three landmarks: the Envoy at the corner of Crescent Place (once Meridian
Erected 2005 by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 2 of 18.)
Location. 38° 55.243′ N, 77° 2.196′ W. Marker is in Adams-Morgan, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on 16th Street, NW, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is on the west side of 16th Street, mid-way between Belmont Street and Crescent Place. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20009, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Washington Meridian (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line but has been reported missing); Art for the People (about 300 feet away); An American Meridian (about 500 feet away); College Hill (about 500 feet away); James Buchanan (about 500 feet away); A Gathering Place for Washingtonians (about 500 feet away); Pitts Motor Hotel (about 500 feet away); Buchanan (about 500 feet away).
Regarding Meridian Hill/Malcolm X Park. [Picture captions, upper set]:
Commodore David Porter, above, and President John Quincy Adams, early Meridian Hill residents.
“Rough riding [bicycle] contest,” Meridian Hill, 1885.
[Picture caption, left center]:
African Liberation Day marchers poured out of the park, 1972.
[Picture caption, lower left]:
Environmentalist and labor leader Josephine Butler (1920-1997) was a founder of the D.C. Statehood Party.
[Picture caption, right lower center]:
Breakfasting at Meridian Mansions (The Envoy), 1930s.
[Picture captions, bottom center]:
Margaret Stuyvesant Rutherford White and husband, Henry White were the first owners of 1624 Crescent Place.
Also see . . .
1. National Park Service: Meridian Hill Park. (Submitted on March 9, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Adams Morgan Heritage Trail markers that have been entered in the Historical Marker database. (Submitted on March 20, 2009.)
Categories. • African Americans • Arts, Letters, Music • Native Americans • Notable Events • Notable Persons • Notable Places •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 9, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,801 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on March 9, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 3, 4. submitted on March 13, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 5, 6, 7. submitted on March 9, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. submitted on March 13, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.