Gloucester Point in Gloucester County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Attacking with “Decisive Vigor”
The Battle of the Hook
One of the largest cavalry battles of the Revolution was fought a few miles north of Gloucester Point. The Battle of the Hook set the stage for the American victory at Yorktown.
The bottled-up British needed food. General Cornwallis instructed Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Dundas to lead a foraging party out of the Gloucester defenses. Returning with sheep, cattle, and corn in their wagons, the party was jumped near Seawellís Ordinary by a large American-French force. The Virginia militia had been joined by veteran French cavalry and marines led by two officers, the Duc de Choisy and the Duc de Lauzun. In the ensuing struggle, Colonel Banastre Tarleton, leading his legion of troops, was unhorsed but was saved by his men as the heavily laden wagons ducked into the British lines. Casualties on both sides were few but the results of the October 3, 1781, battle were critical.
General George Washington was thrilled. He congratulated the French officers for their “Judicious disposition and decisive Vigour.” The British forces were trapped at Gloucester Point and could no longer forage or escape north without a fight.
Location. 37° 15.022′ N, 76° 30.11′ W. Marker is in Gloucester Point, Virginia, in Gloucester County. Marker can be reached from Vernon Street near Riverview Street. Touch for map. The marker is on the Tyndallís Point Park Walkway. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1376 Vernon Street, Gloucester Point VA 23062, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Vital British Outpost at Gloucester Point (here, next to this marker); The British Safety Valve (a few steps from this marker); Natives, Explorers, Tobacco and Buccaneers (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome to Gloucester Point (within shouting distance of this marker); Gloucester Point (within shouting distance of this marker); After the Surrender at Yorktown (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Gloucester Point (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Land Patent (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gloucester Point.
More about this marker. On the upper left are two paintings with the caption, "Bold cavalry officers fought at the Battle of the Hook. British Colonel Banastre Tarleton, shown on the left in his distinctive
On the lower right is a painting with the caption, "Lauzunís Legion clashed with British forces, including Tarleton and his troop, the British Legion. The Battle of the Hook was the only cavalry engagement of the siege." Courtesy of David R. Wagner, www.drwagner.com
Categories. • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 7, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 868 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 7, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.