Cumberland in Allegany County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Our Local Indian Heritage
—Fort Cumberland Trail —
Caiuctucuc, a large Indian village, was here at the juncture of these streams and ran up the river. Caiuctucuc meant "The meeting of the waters of many fishes." Other towns dotted the river bank for forty miles from Shawanese Old Town (Oldtown, Md.) westward and between the present West Virginia and Pennsylvania lines. They were known to exist at Cresaptown, in Cash Valley, and three miles westward along Braddock Run. The western branch of the Potomac River was called the Wappacomo Cohongaronta. Potomac means "Place of the burning pine." The South Branch of the Potomac River was called the Wappacomo or Wappatomaka. New settlers replaced most Indian names with simpler ones. Savage Mountain was named after the Indians.
The Indians had their chiefs and wise men. The men hunted, fished and fought. The
Nemacolin and Will were well known Indians of the area. Nemacolin and Thomas Cresap marked the trail westward which was followed by Braddock's army and partly by the National Pike. Nemacolin left his son George to be cared for by the Cresap family. Namesakes: Nemacolin (Lonaconing), George (George's Creek). Will lived along the mountain and stream bearing his name 3 to 4 miles to the west. The local settlers respected him and offer small gifts when taking possession of land in his area. Thomas Cresap surveyed "Will's Town" (just below present Corriganville, Md., along Will's Creek).
Fort Cumberland Trail
Location. Touch for map. Marker is in Riverside Park. Marker is in this post office area: Cumberland MD 21502, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Palisado Fort or Stockade (within shouting distance of this marker); Cumberland Gateway Westward (within shouting distance of this marker); Col. Joshua Fry (within shouting distance of this marker); The Old National Pike (within shouting distance of this marker); George Washington at Will’s Creek (within shouting distance of this marker); Headquarters of George Washington (within shouting distance of this marker); Where the Road Began (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Riverside Park (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland.
Categories. • Colonial Era • Native Americans • Notable Persons •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 7, 2009, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,119 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on May 7, 2009, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.