Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Burkittsville in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle for Crampton’s Gap

“Sealed With Their Lives”

 

—Antietam Campaign 1862 —

 
Battle for Crampton's Gap Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 21, 2007
1. Battle for Crampton's Gap Marker
Inscription. The Battle of South Mountain struck Crampton’s Gap late in the afternoon of September 14, 1862, when Union Gen. William B. Franklin finally ordered an attack against Confederate Gen. Lafayette McLaws’s force here. As the Confederate defensive line along the Mountain Church Road began to disintegrate, Gen. Howell Cobb arrived in Whipp’s ravine with reinforcements to stop the Federal onrush. Soon, they were surrounded on three sides. Lt. Col. Jefferson Lamar, leading Cobb’s Georgia Legion, realized that his command must either retreat with the rest of the Confederates stampeding west, or stand and fight to allow the others a chance to escape. He chose to fight. Soon after, he fell to the ground as a bullet smashed into his leg, and when he finally ordered what was left of the Legion to withdraw, he was mortally wounded in the chest. The Federals continued their advance up the mountain, were stopped briefly by two guns of the Troup Light Artillery positioned in the road, and soon forced the withdrawal of the cannons, one of which was left behind when its carriage broke. Franklin’s men then overwhelmed a Confederate last stand behind a stone wall on the reverse slope of the mountain. Southern resistance dissolved as those not killed, badly wounded, or captured retreated into the valley below. Having captured Crampton’s Gap, Franklin called
Close Up of the Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 21, 2007
2. Close Up of the Battle Map
Notice that the north seeking arrow points down, indicating the map is "upside down."
a halt. The Confederates formed a defensive line across the valley, eliminating any chance of a Union rescue at Harpers Ferry.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 24.353′ N, 77° 38.371′ W. Marker is near Burkittsville, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of Gapland Road and Arnoldstown Road, on the right when traveling west on Gapland Road. Touch for map. On the grounds of Gathland State Park. Marker is in this post office area: Burkittsville MD 21718, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. George Alfred Townsend (here, next to this marker); 1862 Antietam Campaign (here, next to this marker); War Correspondents Memorial Arch (a few steps from this marker); First New Jersey Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); War Correspondents (within shouting distance of this marker); Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 1 (within shouting distance of this marker); Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws' Command (within shouting distance of this marker); Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 3 (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Burkittsville.
 
More about this marker.
Three Civil War Trails Markers at the Corner of Gapland and Arnoldstown Roads image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 21, 2007
3. Three Civil War Trails Markers at the Corner of Gapland and Arnoldstown Roads
The marker has a newspaper drawing of Franklin’s Corps storming Crampton’s Gap, and a map of the South Mountain battlefields.
 
Also see . . .
1. Crampton's Gap: Key Point to the Whole Situation. (Submitted on July 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. General Franklin's Notes on the Battle. (Submitted on July 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Friends of South Mountain Battlefield Page on Crampton's Gap. (Submitted on July 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Battle for Crampton’s Gap Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 24, 2009
4. Battle for Crampton’s Gap Marker
Marker located at right
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,921 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on August 9, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement