Near Burkittsville in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Cobb’s Brigade McLaw’s Division C.S.A.
Lt. Col. Jeﬀerson M. Lamar & Cobbs Georgia Legion
McLaw’s Division C.S.A.
Cobb’s regiments were hurried to Parham’s aid: the 24th Georgia and 15th North Carolina ascending into the gap first, closely followed by the 16th Georgia and Col. T.R.R. Cobb’s Legion accompanied by Gen. Howell Cobb. Two guns of the Troup Artillery were also commandeered. Outnumbered 6 to 1, Cobb’s and Parham’s troops were decimated and retreated. The next morning only 300 of the Brigade’s 1300 men answered roll call.
Beaten and wounded soldiers straggled in over the next few days. Casualties for the Brigade probably exceeded 50%. The defense of Crampton’s Gap, though costly in casualties, was instrumental in forestalling the compromise of Lee’s Army due to the famous "Lost Order." Here it was that
& Cobbs Georgia Legion
Cobb’s Legion infantry under Lt. Col. Jefferson M. Lamar accompanied Cobb’s Brigade to Crampton’s Gap. Many of the 248 soldiers were from Athens, GA. By the time Cobb’s Legion took position at the gap, Parham’s line at the foot of the mountain had been overrun. Col. Lamar desperately tried to form a line south of the gap. But the 1st New Jersey Brigade broke through and gained ground above and behind the Legion. The Legion, outnumbered 6 to 1 and partly surrounded, stood its ground.
After suffering 72% casualties, including the mortally wounded Lamar, some of the men escaped to the top of the gap where a final stand was being made by Gen. Cobb with 2 guns of the Troup Artillery and refugees
Erected 1992 by Athens (Georgia) Historical Society.
Location. 39° 24.359′ N, 77° 38.405′ W. Marker is near Burkittsville, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of Gapland Road and Townsend Road, on the right when traveling west on Gapland Road. Touch for map. Inside Gathland State Park. Marker is in this post office area: Burkittsville MD 21718, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battle for Crampton’s Gap (within shouting distance of this marker); Maryland Campaign of 1862 / The Lost Orders (within shouting distance of this marker); George Alfred Townsend (within shouting distance of this marker); 1862 Antietam Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker); Mell Rifles & Troup Light Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); War Correspondents Memorial Arch (within shouting distance of this marker); First New Jersey Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); War Correspondents (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Burkittsville.
More about this marker. This is quite possibly the “northernmost” Georgia state marker.
Also see . . .
1. Cobb’s Legion. Rather detailed site covering the infantry, cavalry and artillery (Troup’s) components of the Legion. (Submitted on August 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. General Cobb’s Account of the Battle. (Submitted on August 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Biography of Lt. Col. Jefferson M. Lamar. (Submitted on August 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,938 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on September 11, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 2, 3. submitted on August 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.