Near Martinsburg in Berkeley County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
Invasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through the Shenandoah Valley and western Maryland as his cavalry, led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, harassed Union supply lines to the east. Union Gen. Joseph Hooker, replaced on June 28 by Gen. George G. Meade, led the Army of the Potomac from the Washington defenses in pursuit. The Federals collided with Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on July 1, starting a battle neither side had intended to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates began retreating through Maryland, retracing their steps to the Potomac River and crossing on July 14 into what only a month earlier had been Virginia. On June 20, after Lee crossed the river heading north, the Union had admitted West Virginia—the only state to secede from a seceded state.
By Tom Fuchs, June 16, 2007
1. Gettysburg Campaign - Invasion & Retreat Marker
Please drive carefully as you enjoy the history and beauty at sites along the trail.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
19.233′ N, 78° 4.25′ W. Marker is near Martinsburg, West Virginia, in Berkeley County. Marker is on the northbound Welcome Center and Rest Stop (Interstate 81) north of the state line, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Bunker Hill WV 25413, United States of America.
By Bill Coughlin, August 21, 2015
2. Gettysburg Campaign Marker
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. James Johnston Pettigrew Monument (approx. 0.9 miles away); Christ Church (approx. 1.2 miles away); Morgan Morgan (approx. 1.4 miles away); "Morgan Acres" (approx. 1.4 miles away); Col. Morgan Morgan (approx. 1.4 miles away); West Virginia / Frederick County (approx. 1.9 miles away in Virginia); Morgan Cabin (approx. 2 miles away); Mill Creek Baptist Church (approx. 3.6 miles away).
By Linda Walcroft, January 22, 2010
3. Welcome Center with Gettysburg Campaign Marker
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 4, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,010 times since then and 53 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on August 4, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. 2. submitted on September 13, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 3. submitted on January 30, 2010, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.