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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Burkittsville in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 1

 
 
Crampton's Pass War Department Marker C.P. 1 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 21, 2007
1. Crampton's Pass War Department Marker C.P. 1 Marker
Inscription. Between September 4th and 7th, 1862, the Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, Commanding, crossed the Potomac near Leesburg, and occupied Frederick, Maryland. On the 10th a movement was made to surround and capture the Union forces at Harpers Ferry. Early that morning General T. J. Jackson with Jackson’s (Stonewall) Division and the Divisions of R. S. Ewell. and A. P. Hill left Frederick, marched over South Mountain at Turner’s Pass, six miles north of this, crossed the Potomac near Williamsport on the 11th, seized Martinsburg on the 12th and marching by way of Charlestown on the 13th invested Harpers Ferry from the Virginia side of the Potomac. General Lee with the Division of D. R. Jones and J. B. Hood and the Brigade of N. G. Evans, marched to Hagerstown. D. H. Hill’s Division halted at Boonsboro to prevent the escape of the garrison at Harpers Ferry through Pleasant Valley and to support Stuart’s Cavalry which remained east of South Mountain to observe the movements of the Union Army and retard its advance. McLaws with his own Division and that of R. H. Anderson moved from Frederick on the 10th, in rear of D. H. Hill, left the Frederick and Hagerstown Pike at Middletown, crossed South Mountain at Brownsville Pass, one mile south of this and bivouacked near Brownsville on the night of the 11th. On the 12th McLaws marched
Four War Department Markers at the Arch image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 21, 2007
2. Four War Department Markers at the Arch
onto Maryland Heights and down Pleasant Valley to invest Harpers Ferry from the Maryland side of the Potomac, leaving Semmes’ Brigade to hold Brownsville Pass. Mahone’s at Brownsville and Munford’s Cavalry in front of Crampton’s Pass to guard his rear and observe the movements of the Union Army.
 
Erected by Antietam Battlefield Board. (Marker Number C.P. 1.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Antietam Campaign War Department Markers marker series.
 
Location. 39° 24.346′ N, 77° 38.354′ W. Marker is near Burkittsville, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of Gapland Road and Arnoldstown Road, on the right when traveling west on Gapland Road. Touch for map. Marker is at the foot of the War Correspondence Memorial Arch. Marker is in this post office area: Burkittsville MD 21718, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws' Command (here, next to this marker); Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 3 (here, next to this marker); Sixth Army Corps (here, next to this marker); First New Jersey Brigade (here, next to this marker); War Correspondents
Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 1 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 24, 2009
3. Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 1 Marker
(here, next to this marker); The Battle of South Mountain (here, next to this marker); War Correspondents Memorial Arch (a few steps from this marker); Journalists Who Gave Their Lives (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Burkittsville.
 
More about this marker. One of nine markers reported by the Antietam Battlefield Board as erected at Crampton’s Pass in the report dated 1898. Four are at the War Correspondence Memorial Arch, the remainder were placed between the Pass and Burkittsville to the east. (Source: George R. Large and Joe A. Swisher, “Battle of Antietam: The Official History by the Antietam Battlefield Board”)
 
Also see . . .  Battle of Antietam: The Official History by the Antietam Battlefield Board. by George R. Large and Joe A. Swisher. Important reference for those studying the battle or the War Department Tablets. (Submitted on August 8, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Crampton’s Pass Tablets at the base of the War Correspondents Memorial Arch image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2003
4. Crampton’s Pass Tablets at the base of the War Correspondents Memorial Arch
Crampton's Gap image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 5, 2007
5. Crampton's Gap
Taken from the eastern side of Burkittsville along Gapland Road, the gap (or Pass) is a noticeable cleft in the ridge line of South Mountain. The gap saw much activity during the war, particularly with the Antietam and Gettysburg campaigns.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 8, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,828 times since then and 70 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 8, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on August 9, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.   4. submitted on November 29, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   5. submitted on August 8, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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