New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Lives of Castle Clinton:
Defense, Entertainment, Immigration, Education
While its military importance declined, Castle Clintonís value as a delightful location for recreation on the harbor increased. In 1824 it was leased by the City of New York as a place of public entertainment and renamed Castle Garden. Within a month of its opening, the Marquis de Lafayette landed here at the start of his triumphal tour of America. Presidential visits by Andrew Jackson, James Polk and Milliard Fillmore followed. The public was entertained and informed by a balloon ascension, F.B. Morseís telegraph demonstration, and concerts such as Jenny Lindís American debut.
In 1855, Castle Garden was leased by the State
The growing demand for public education facilities and programs led to the next adaptation of Castle Clinton. The building was altered once again and re-opened in 1896 as the New York City Aquarium. Millions of visitors enjoyed seeing aquatic creatures from local waters and around the world. The Aquarium was closed in 1941 in order to make way for a new Brooklyn-Battery subway tunnel.
It was through the demolition of the Aquarium that the original walls of Castle Garden were revealed to the public. A determined group of preservationists accepted the challenges of preventing its complete destruction, leading to the designation of Castle Clinton as a National Monument following World War II.
In a similar
Erected by Castle Clinton National Monument.
Location. 40° 42.221′ N, 74° 1.018′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker can be reached from State Street, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located inside Castle Clinton National Monument in Battery Park. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10004, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battery Wall Discovery (here, next to this marker); History of the Battery Wall (here, next to this marker); Norwegian Maritime Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Emma Lazarus (within shouting distance of this marker); New York Korean War Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Castle Clinton National Monument Manning Castle Clintonís 28 guns (within shouting distance of this marker); Castle Clinton (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
More about this marker. The right side of the marker contains a time line of Castle Clinton, containing pictures of it during various points in its history. These include the Castle as West Battery in 1812, Castle Garden as an Immigration Landing Depot in 1855, the New York Aquarium interior on 1900, and the 1948 demolition of the New York Aquarium.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. These markers are in the "Walls within Walls" exhibit in Castle Clinton National Monument.
Also see . . .
1. Americaís First Immigration Center. CastleGarden.org website. (Submitted on June 27, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. Castle Clinton National Monument – History & Culture. National Park Service website. (Submitted on June 27, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • Education • Forts, Castles •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 27, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 969 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 27, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.