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Fort Recovery in Mercer County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

St. Clair’s Defeat / Wayne’s Victory

1791 / 1794

 
 
St. Clair's Defeat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
1. St. Clair's Defeat Marker
Inscription.
St. Clair’s Defeat. Native Americans inhabited and used much of the land in the Ohio valley as hunting grounds. As American settlers pushed west, conflicts resulted and attempts at peaceful settlement failed. Under political pressure, President George Washington resolved to subdue Indian resistance to American expansion in the Ohio country and appointed General Arthur St. Clair to lead the expedition. St. Clair's troops camped on the Wabash River (just east of the Ohio-Indiana state line) after an exhausting two month trek. The ill-prepared soldiers were no match for the forces of Miami, Shawnee, and Delaware Indians who attacked them at dawn of November 4, 1791. By the day's end, warriors led by Little Turtle and Blue Jacket had killed or wounded nearly three-quarters of the American force - the worst-ever defeat of the U.S. Army by Native Americans in a single battle.

Wayne’s Victory. Following St.Clair's defeat, President Washington appointed General Anthony Wayne commander of the U.S. Army. Well organized and disciplined, Wayne's army left Fort Washington and made its headquarters at Fort Greene Ville. In December 1793, Fort Recovery was built at the site of St. Clair's defeat. On June 30, 1794, combined Native American forces made a frontal attack on the fort. A two-day battle ensued, resulting in the
Wayne's Victory Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
2. Wayne's Victory Marker
Native American confederation giving up their assault on Fort Recovery. This U.S. Army victory, as well as the later one at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, led to the signing of the Treaty of Greene Ville in 1795. The treaty opened the Ohio Country for peaceful settlement, leading to Ohio statehood in 1803.
 
Erected 2003 by 2003 by The Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Marietta Chapter NSDAR, Fort Recovery Historical Society, The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 4-54.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Daughters of the American Revolution, and the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 40° 24.827′ N, 84° 46.785′ W. Marker is in Fort Recovery, Ohio, in Mercer County. Marker is on Wayne Street 0 miles north of Butler Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located in the heart of the downtown business area of Fort Recovery, Ohio. It is situated on the west side of Wayne Street, in the middle of the block formed by Boundary Street to the north and Butler Street to the south, in front of the Fort Recovery Historical Museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 169 Wayne Street,, Fort Recovery OH 45846, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gen. Richard Butler
Wayne's Victory Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2018
3. Wayne's Victory Marker
View of the historical marker situated in front of the Fort Recovery, Historical Museum, on Wayne Street.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Fort Recovery (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Clair's Defeat (within shouting distance of this marker); Strong, tall, redheaded Nance (within shouting distance of this marker); Sha'anoe Warrior Monument (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Greene Ville Treaty Line (about 300 feet away); St. Clair's Defeat / Fort Recovery (approx. 0.2 miles away); Dr. Victor Grasson (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Recovery.
 
Also see . . .
1. Mad Anthony Wayne. This web link was both published and made available by, "Touring Ohio." (Submitted on June 26, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

2. St. Clair's Defeat. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on June 28, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

3. Ohio's Native American Wars. This web link was both published and made available by, "Touring Ohio." (Submitted on June 28, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

4. Battle of FallenTimbers. This web link was both published and made available by, "Touring Ohio." (Submitted on June 26, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

5. Battle of the Wabash. (Submitted on June 28, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
6. Anthony Wayne. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on June 26, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

7. Wayne's Indian Campaign of 1794. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on June 26, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

8. Fort Recovery. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on June 26, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

9. Battle of Fallen Timbers. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on June 26, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. Native AmericansWars, US Indian
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 21, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 28, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 992 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on June 28, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   2, 3. submitted on June 26, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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