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Lawrence in Douglas County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Free State Hotel

 
 
Free State Hotel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
1. Free State Hotel Marker
Inscription. This marks the site of the Free State Hotel erected in 1855 by the New England Emigrant Aid Society. Destroyed by Sheriff Jones and his posse May 21, 1856, and rebuilt by Col. Schaler W. Eldridge. Quantrill and his raiders destroyed Lawrence August 21, 1863, burned the hotel and massacred the citizens. Col. Eldridge restored the hotel which stood until 1926 when it was rebuilt by W.G. Hutson.
 
Erected 1940 by Lawrence Rotary Club.
 
Location. 38° 58.265′ N, 95° 14.171′ W. Marker is in Lawrence, Kansas, in Douglas County. Marker is at the intersection of Massachusetts Street and 7th Street, on the left when traveling north on Massachusetts Street. Touch for map. This marker is along Massachusetts Street halfway along the building. Marker is at or near this postal address: 701 Massachusetts Street, Lawrence KS 66044, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 700-702 Massachusetts Street (within shouting distance of this marker); Liberty Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); Anderson Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Miller's Hall (within shouting distance of
Eldridge Hotel image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
2. Eldridge Hotel
this marker); John Brown and the Siege of Lawrence, September 14-15, 1856 (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lawrence Studio (about 300 feet away); The First Lawrence U.S. Post Office (about 300 feet away); House Building (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lawrence.
 
Regarding Free State Hotel. When the Free State hotel was captured, the male occupants were escorted under a flag of truce to a safe location and survived the raid - per the instructions of William Quantrill himself.
 
Also see . . .
1. Eldridge Hotel - History. This link from the Eldridge Hotel describes more in depth its history from its founding in 1855. (Submitted on June 30, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.) 

2. Lawrence Massacre. This link is to the Wikipedia write-up on the Lawrence Massacre. (Submitted on June 30, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.) 
 
Additional keywords. Bleeding Kansas
 
Categories. Settlements & SettlersWar, US Civil
 
Free State Hotel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
3. Free State Hotel Marker
Closeup of Eldridge Hotel Cornerstone
Free State Hotel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
4. Free State Hotel Marker
Photo of Hotel's National Register Designation
Headstone of Chester Hay image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
5. Headstone of Chester Hay
Chester Hay - victim of the Lawrence Massacre. Mr. Hay is buried in the Pioneer Cemetery which is now on the campus of the University of Kansas.
Headstone of Cole Younger image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, March 15, 2009
6. Headstone of Cole Younger
Cole Younger is buried in the Lee's Summit, Mo. Cemetery. - He rode with Quantrill during the Lawrence Raid.
Headstone of Senator James Lane image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, January 5, 2008
7. Headstone of Senator James Lane
James Lane is buried in Oak Hill Cemetery in Lawrence, Ks. His name was among 12 that appeared on a "death list" of prominent figures that the rainding figures were after. Stories have it that James Lane either escaped in an outhouse or in a cornfield.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 30, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas. This page has been viewed 1,255 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on June 30, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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