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Boonesboro in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Maryland Campaign of 1862

 
 
The Maryland Campaign of 1862 Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats
1. The Maryland Campaign of 1862 Marker
Inscription. On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into Pennsylvania and fight on ground of his choosing. His plan depended on securing his supply line down the Shenandoah Valley past Harpers Ferry—then garrisoned by nearly 13,000 Federal troops. When the Federals did not withdraw, Lee decided to attack them. From his camp near Frederick, Maryland, he divided his army into five parts. Lee gambled he could take Harpers Ferry and regroup before the Federals realized what he had done. He sent three units under the command of General T. J. "Stonewall" Jackson from Frederick to Harpers Ferry. A fourth marched into Hagerstown to guard against a rumored movement of Union troops from Pennsylvania. A fifth unit formed the rear guard at Boonesboro.

General George B. McClellan organized the Army of the Potomac into three wings and marched out of Washington along a twenty-five mile front. Learning that Lee's army was divided and marching in opposite directions well to the west, McClellan began his pursuit into western Maryland on September 11. Moving faster than Lee expected, he entered Catoctin Valley on the 13th and reached the foot of South Mountain on the
The Maryland Campaign and Lost Orders Markers image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 2, 2006
2. The Maryland Campaign and Lost Orders Markers
14th. The Battle of South Mountain smashed Lee's plan to invade Pennsylvania but did buy him time to concentrate his scattered army. Lee assembled his army at Sharpsburg and set up a defensive position behind Antietam Creek on the 15th. The Harpers Ferry garrison surrendered that morning. This event allowed Jackson to rejoin Lee. The Battle of Antietam was fought two days later.

In response to Lee’s orders, Jackson marched via Williamsport and closed on Harper's Ferry from the north and west. McLaws moved via Brownsville Pass to occupy Maryland Heights, at the Southern end of Elk Ridge. Walker moved south and west to occupy Loudoun Heights. Lee moved with Longstreet to Hagerstown and D. H. Hill was ordered to cover the supply trains near Boonsboro.

Donated to the people of the United States by John and Candace Richards of Pennsylvania.
 
Location. 39° 28.229′ N, 77° 37.043′ W. Marker is in Boonesboro, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is at the intersection of Reno Monument Road and the Appalachian Trail, on the left when traveling west on Reno Monument Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Boonsboro MD 21713, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Lost Orders ( here, next to this
Another View of this Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 2, 2006
3. Another View of this Marker
marker); Deaths of Two Generals ( here, next to this marker); The Battle for Fox’s Gap ( here, next to this marker); Near Here in Wise’s Field ( a few steps from this marker); Stonewall Regiment ( within shouting distance of this marker); Maj. Gen. Jesse L. Reno ( within shouting distance of this marker); North Carolina ( approx. 0.2 miles away); The Dahlgren Chapel ( approx. 0.9 miles away).
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Maryland Campaign - Summary of Events. (Submitted on July 23, 2006.)
2. General Lee Explains Upcoming Maryland Campaign To President Davis. (Submitted on July 23, 2006.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 23, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,877 times since then and 55 times this year. Last updated on August 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 23, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.
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