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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lawrence in Douglas County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Lawrence

 
 
Lawrence Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
1. Lawrence Marker
Closeup of Lawrence Marker
Inscription. Lawrence was established in 1854 by the Emigrant Aid Company, a New England organization formed to prevent the new Kansas territory from becoming a slave state. When the first legislature enacted the so-called Bogus Laws with severe penalties for opposing slavery Lawrence was the center of Free-State resistance. Free-State newspapers here further antagonized Proslavery officers. Late in 1855 1500 Proslavery men gathered to attack the town. Free-State men came to its defense, among them John Brown. Bloodshed was averted by a "Peace Treaty." The next spring, however, a "sheriff's posse" of several hundred Missourians burned houses, destroyed two newspaper Presses and fired a cannon into the Eldridge Hotel on the pretext that it was an Abolition Fort.

During the Civil War Lawrence was a haven for runway slaves and was held responsible for Union raids into Missouri. On August 21, 1863, Quantrill and a band of guerrillas ravaged the town and killed nearly 150 men. Monuments to these victims and other historical markers may be seen in the city. Lawrence is home of the University of Kansas and Haskell Indian Institute.
 
Erected by Kansas Historical Society and State Highway Commission. (Marker Number 10.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included
Lawrence Marker and Constant Park image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
2. Lawrence Marker and Constant Park
in the Kansas Historical Society marker series.
 
Location. 38° 58.401′ N, 95° 14.346′ W. Marker is in Lawrence, Kansas, in Douglas County. Marker is on 6th Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is on the north side of 6th Street as you travel west between Ketucky and Tennessee Streets. Marker is at or near this postal address: 230 West 6th Street, Lawrence KS 66044, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Historic Pinckney Neighborhood (a few steps from this marker); Santa Fe Steam Locomotive 1073 (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Buford M. Watson Jr. Park (about 600 feet away); John Brown and the Siege of Lawrence, September 14-15, 1856 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Free State Hotel (approx. 0.2 miles away); Liberty Hall (approx. 0.2 miles away); 700-702 Massachusetts Street (approx. mile away); Anderson Building (approx. mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lawrence.
 
Also see . . .
1. Kansas Historical Markers. Official State Link to the Kansas Historical Markers (Submitted on July 3, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.) 

2. Lawrence Kansas Visitor's Bureau. This is te link to the City's Convention & Visitor's Bureau. (Submitted on July 3, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.)
Eldridge (Free-State) Hotel image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
3. Eldridge (Free-State) Hotel
This was the site of the two hotels - 1 destroyed by Sheriff Jones and 1 by William Quantrill.
 

3. Lawrence Massacre. The Wikipedia Link to the Lawrence Massacre. (Submitted on July 3, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.) 
 
Additional keywords. Bleeding Kansas Lawrence Massacre
 
Categories. EducationPoliticsSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil
 
Lawrence Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
4. Lawrence Marker
Historical Marker on Eldridge Hotel
Headstone of Walter Griswold image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
5. Headstone of Walter Griswold
Walter Griswold is buried in the Pioneer Cemetery on the campus of Kansas University and was a victim of Quantrill's Raid.
Lawrence Massacre Victims Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, January 5, 2008
6. Lawrence Massacre Victims Memorial
This Memorial is in the Oak Hill Cemetery in Lawrence. This Cemetery has been described as Kansas's Arlington due to all of the historic figures from the early Territorial days buried here.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 3, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas. This page has been viewed 1,491 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 3, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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