Portsmouth, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Two hundred British soldiers were killed, thirteen taken prisoner and forty deserted. There were no American casualties. This successful battle saved Norfolk, Portsmouth and the Gosport Shipyard from British occupation and destruction.
The USS Merrimack (1856 – 1861) was at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1861, when Virginia seceded from the Union. The Federal forces burned and sank the Merrimack as they withdrew from the Navy Yard.
The Confederates salvaged the ship and converted her to an ironclad. She was commissioned the CSS Virginia in February 1862.
In May of 1862, as the Confederates abandoned the Norfolk area, efforts were made to lighten the Virginia enough to allow her to move up the James River. Unable to do so, she was destroyed by her crew off Craney Island on May 11.
Location. 36° 50.429′ N, 76° 18.073′ W. Marker is in Portsmouth, Virginia. Marker is on Crawford Parkway west of Court Street, on the right. Touch for map. This marker is part of the Portsmouth, VA
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cornwallis at Portsmouth (within shouting distance of this marker); Arnold's British Defenses, 1781 (within shouting distance of this marker); Olde Towne Portsmouth (within shouting distance of this marker); Crawford Bay (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Nelson (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Arnold's British Defenses, 1781 (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line but has been reported missing); Elizabeth River (about 600 feet away but has been reported missing); Portsmouth Naval Hospital (about 600 feet away but has been reported missing). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Portsmouth.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Another marker about the Battle of Craney Island.
Categories. • War of 1812 • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 26, 2009, by Kristin Rollins of Portsmouth, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,120 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on July 26, 2009, by Kristin Rollins of Portsmouth, Virginia. 2. submitted on February 14, 2014, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.