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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Portsmouth, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Craney Island

 
 
Craney Island Marker image. Click for full size.
By Scott Rollins, June 23, 2009
1. Craney Island Marker
Inscription. Craney Island played a sig­nif­i­cant role in the War of 1812, fly­ing the Flag of 1795, with fif­teen stars and stripes. Amer­i­can defend­ers held off over­whelm­ing British forces there on June 22, 1813.

Two hundred British sol­diers were killed, thir­teen taken pris­oner and forty deserted. There were no Amer­i­can casu­al­ties. This suc­cess­ful bat­tle saved Nor­folk, Portsmouth and the Gosport Ship­yard from British occupation and destruction.

The USS Mer­ri­mack (1856 – 1861) was at Nor­folk Navy Yard in 1861, when Vir­ginia seceded from the Union. The Fed­eral forces burned and sank the Mer­ri­mack as they with­drew from the Navy Yard.

The Con­fed­er­ates sal­vaged the ship and con­verted her to an iron­clad. She was commissioned the CSS Vir­ginia in Feb­ru­ary 1862.

In May of 1862, as the Con­fed­er­ates aban­doned the Nor­folk area, efforts were made to lighten the Virginia enough to allow her to move up the James River. Unable to do so, she was destroyed by her crew off Craney Island on May 11.
 
Location. 36° 50.429′ N, 76° 18.073′ W. Marker is in Portsmouth, Virginia. Marker is on Crawford Parkway west of Court Street, on the right. Touch for map. This marker is part of the Portsmouth, VA
Craney Island Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, February 12, 2014
2. Craney Island Marker
Path of History. Marker is in this post office area: Portsmouth VA 23704, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cornwallis at Portsmouth (within shouting distance of this marker); Arnold's British Defenses, 1781 (within shouting distance of this marker); Olde Towne Portsmouth (within shouting distance of this marker); Crawford Bay (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Nelson (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Arnold's British Defenses, 1781 (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line but has been reported missing); Elizabeth River (about 600 feet away but has been reported missing); Portsmouth Naval Hospital (about 600 feet away but has been reported missing). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Portsmouth.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Another marker about the Battle of Craney Island.
 
Categories. War of 1812War, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 26, 2009, by Kristin Rollins of Portsmouth, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,120 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 26, 2009, by Kristin Rollins of Portsmouth, Virginia.   2. submitted on February 14, 2014, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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