Osawatomie in Miami County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Battle of Osawatomie
Local tradition maintains that the statue of John Brown is located where the mounted proslavery men fired their first shots. Brown positioned his men about four hundred yards to the north in the timber lining the south bank of the Marais Des Cygnes River. The Missourians charged down the hill towards Brown's men with their guns blazing. The free-state force held firm, checking the first charge. The attackers dismounted, outflanked Brown's force, and brought their cannon into action.
Finally Brown and his men bolted from their hiding places and fled across the river. The Missourians swarmed into Osawatomie where they sacked and burned the town. Both sides sustained about a half a dozen casualties, the most of any battle during the Bleeding Kansas period. Among the dead was John Brown's son Frederick.
"God sees it. I have only a short time to live - only one death to die, and I will die fighting for this cause. There will be no more peace in this land until slavery is done for."
-Attributed to John Brown by his son Jason while they watched Osawatomie burn. A map of the Battle is the main illustration
On the lower left is an illustration of "Missouri border ruffians going to Kansas drawn by Felix Darley."
On the center bottom of the marker is an illustration of "Osawatomie in 1862."
Near this marker in the plaza area is a metal marker with the following text:
John Brown and the Battle of Osawatomie 1856
The blood that
flowed in Kansas
before and during
the Civil War
Twin Trees of
Liberty and Union.
Erected by United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service and the State of Kansas with the City of Osawatomie 1969
Location. 38° 29.919′ N, 94° 57.539′ W. Marker is in Osawatomie, Kansas, in Miami County. Marker can be reached from Tenth Street 0.2 miles north of Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Osawatomie KS 66064, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. John Brown Statue (here, next to this marker); T. B. Williams and J. B. Remington (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Osawatomie (a few steps from this marker); John Brown Battleground (a few steps from this Battle of Osawatomie (within shouting distance of this marker); John Brown of Kansas (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Osawatomie (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Site of the Battle of Osawatomie (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Osawatomie.
More about this marker. The main marker is behind the building containing the Adair Cabin. The Twin Trees marker is in the plaza area just to the south of the cabin building.
Also see . . .
1. Legends of America. Link to the Battle of Osawatomie. (Submitted on July 26, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.)
2. John Brown Historic Site. This is the Official Kansas Website for the Historical Area. (Submitted on July 26, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 26, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas. This page has been viewed 1,949 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 26, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.