Alto in Cherokee County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Excavations during 1939-41 and 1968-69 showed two of the mounds to have had ceremonial purposes. One may have been capped with bright yellow clay and both apparently supported temples. The tallest mound (about 20 feet) revealed several major burials.
The village, surrounding the mounds but not settled before they were built, contained many round houses that probably resembled giant bee hives. Thousands of pot fragments, some pipes, charred corn cobs and nuts, and flint points were found in the area.
Centuries after its abandonment by the Indians, this region was again a center of civilization when, in 1690, the first Spanish mission in East Texas was built nearby to minister to the Tejas Indians.
Erected 1970. (Marker Number 6971.)
Marker series. El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail marker series.
Location. 31° 35.599′ N, 95° 9.095′ W. Marker is in Alto, Texas, in Cherokee County. Marker is on State Highway 21 8 miles west of Alto, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Just past Caddo Mounds State Park. Marker is in this post office area: Alto TX 75925, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Site of Neches Indian Village (here, next to this marker); The Joseph R. Rice Log Cabin (approx. 5.9 miles away); Mission San Francisco de Los Tejas (approx. 5.9 miles away); Chief Bowles' Last Homesite (approx. 7.2 miles away); Homer-Alto Road (approx. 11.8 miles away); Mt. Hope Cemetery (approx. 11.8 miles away); Site of Tassie Belle and Star and Crescent Iron Ore Furnaces (approx. 12.9 miles away); Ratcliff CCC Camp (approx. 13.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Alto.
Also see . . .
1. Caddo Mounds State Historic Site. (Submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.)
2. Caddoan Mounds, Handbook of Texas Online. (Submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.)
3. El Camino De Nacogdoches. The Camino Real, or Old San Antonio Road, ran from Mexico, northeast through San Antonio to here, then (Submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.)
4. Casas Reales, San Antonio. The Camino Real, or Old San Antonio Road, would have passed southwest from here to the Casas Reales on the Main Plaza in San Antonio, and south down into Mexico. (Submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.)
Categories. • Anthropology • Hispanic Americans • Native Americans • Notable Places •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. This page has been viewed 1,725 times since then. Photos: 1. submitted on January 31, 2010, by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.