Near Burkittsville in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Brownsville Pass: Semmes’ Gamble
Convinced the Federals would attack Brownsville Pass, Semmes remained here and kept his own, much larger, brigade with him. He also retained the six-gun battery of Captain Basil Manly’s 1st North Carolina Artillery and one gun each from the Richmond (Virginia) Fayette Artillery and the Magruder (Virginia) Light Artillery. Even as the defenders of
Semmes’ reinforcements reached their objective only to find themselves behind enemy lines. They returned to Brownsville Pass without firing a shot. Semmes and his staff hurriedly road to Crampton’s Gap to offer assistance but arrived just as the Federals approached the top of the gap—too late to be of any help.
(Quote): As General Semmes watched the Federals approach South Mountain, he worriedly dashed off a note to McLaws requesting reinforcements. McLaws sent him Brigadier General Howell Cobb’s Georgia Brigade.
Order of Battle
Confederate States of America
Brig. Gen. Paul Semmes
10th Ga., 53rd Ga. (nc), 32nd Va. (nc), 1st N.C. Arty., Richmond (Va.) Fayete Art., Magruder (Va.) Light Art.
Col. William A. Parham
6th Va., 12th Va., 16th Va., 41st Va. (nc), Portsmouth Light Art.
Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin, VI Corps
Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum
1st N.J., 2nd N.J., 3rd N.J., 4th N.J.
5th Me., 16th N.Y., 27th N.Y., 121st N.Y.(nc), 96th Pa.
Brig. Gen. Newton
18th N.Y., 31st N.Y., 32nd N.Y., 95th Pa.
Maj. Gen. William F. (Baldy) Smith
Brig. Gen. Brooks
2nd Vt., 3rd Vt. (nc), 4th Vt., 5th Vt. (nc), 6th Vt (nc)
Erected by Blue & Gray Educational Society / State of Maryland Department of Natural Resources.
Location. 39° 24.27′ N, 77° 38.436′ W. Marker is near Burkittsville, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of Gapland Road and Arnoldstown Road, on the left when traveling west on Gapland Road. Touch for map. Located behind the south parking lot in Gathland State Park, along side the Appalachian Trail. Marker is in this post office area: Burkittsville MD 21718, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. GATH: The Man and His Mountain (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mell Rifles & Troup Light Artillery (about 400 feet away); Troup Light Artillery Padgett’s Field: Confederate Last Stand (about 400 feet away); Burial: A Most Disagreeable Task (about 400 feet away); The Stage is Set (about 400 feet away); Bartlett Leads the Way (about 400 feet away); Medal of Honor Recipients (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Burkittsville.
More about this marker. The marker displays portraits of Generals Semmes and McLaws. A map illustrates the movements described in the text.
Also see . . .
1. General Semmes’ Official Report of the Battle. (Submitted on August 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Short Biographical Listing for General Semmes. The General would be mortally wounded the following year on the second day of the battle of Gettysburg. Transported south, he would die in Martinsburg, West Virginia on July 10, 1863. (Submitted on August 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,723 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on August 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 4. submitted on November 29, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.