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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Brooklyn in Kings County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Caponier

 
 
The Caponier Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 13, 2009
1. The Caponier Marker
Inscription. Fort Hamilton, with its heavy guns, defended New York City against ships. This structure defended Fort Hamilton against land attack. The caponier was a flank battery designed to sweep the back of the main fort with cannon fire and to protect the gate immediately behind you. Such a battery used canister - containers of small iron balls – which made the cannon into gigantic shotguns. Enemy infantry or marines attempting to take Fort Hamilton from the rear would have had to charge through devastating fire.

Though most forts had some sort of flank defense, caponiers are rare in U.S. military architecture. This one is probably the nationís earliest example, as well as its best surviving specimen. Finished by 1829, Fort Hamiltonís caponier became militarily obsolete before the end of the nineteenth century and served most of its first 150 years as a storehouse.

On 11 June 1980, New York Area Command dedicated this part of the original fort as the Harbor Defense Museum of New York City.
 
Location. 40° 36.534′ N, 74° 1.929′ W. Marker is in Brooklyn, New York, in Kings County. Marker is on Sheridan Loop, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is on the grounds of Fort Hamilton. Marker is in this post office area: Brooklyn NY 11218, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Marker on the Caponier image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 13, 2009
2. Marker on the Caponier
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Hamilton (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Hamilton Officersí Club (within shouting distance of this marker); June 1975 (within shouting distance of this marker); Projectiles for U.S. 20-inch Rodman Gun (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle of Long Island (within shouting distance of this marker); Spanish 24-Pounder (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); On July 4, 1776 (about 300 feet away); 13-inch Seacoast Mortar, Pattern 1861 (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Brooklyn.
 
Also see . . .  Harbor Defense Museum. Fort Hamilton Home Page. (Submitted on August 14, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Forts, Castles
 
Harbor Defense Museum at Fort Hamilton image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 13, 2009
3. Harbor Defense Museum at Fort Hamilton
The Caponier at Fort Hamilton now serves as the Harbor Defense Museum. The marker is located between the two doorways.
Marker at Fort Hamilton image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 13, 2009
4. Marker at Fort Hamilton
The entrance to the Caponier (left) and the original gate to Fort Hamilton (right) can be seen in this photo.
Inside the Caponier image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 13, 2009
5. Inside the Caponier
The Harbor Defense Museum contains exhibits spanning the periods from the Revolution through World War II.
Soldier Defending the Caponier image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 13, 2009
6. Soldier Defending the Caponier
This display shows one way that soldiers would protect Fort Hamilton from a land attack.
Fort Hamilton image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 13, 2009
7. Fort Hamilton
Marker is located on the grounds of Fort Hamilton in Brooklyn, NY.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 14, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 752 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on August 14, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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