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West Point in Orange County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Fort Putnam

 
 
Fort Putnam Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 15, 2012
1. Fort Putnam Marker
Inscription.
Built in 1778 by
Colonel Rufus Putnamís
Regiment of
Massachusetts Infantry
Rebuilt and enlarged 1794
Restored 1909


Lower Marker:
Fort Putnam
Fort Putnam was the key defensive work in West Pointís fortified zone during the American Revolution. It was constructed in 1778 by soldiers of the 5th Massachusetts Regiment and named for the Regimental Commander, Colonel Rufus Putnam. Fort Putman was built to protect Fort Clinton (originally Fort Arnold) from inland attack. In 1780, Benedict Arnold described it as follows:

“Fort Putman, stone, wanting great repairs. Wall on the east side broke down, and rebuilding from the foundation. At the west and south side have been a chevaux-de-frise; on the west side broke in many places. The east side open; two bomb proofs and provision magazine in the fort, and a slight wooden barrack.”

The fort, as it stands today, is a composite of many eras. In 1794, it was enlarged and the casemates were added. In 1909, it was restored to its present general condition as a war monument. The 1909 restoration approximated the 1794 fort. In 1975 – 1976, during the Bicentennial of the American Revolution, Fort Putman was partially restored and refurbished to serve as a center for the interpretation of the military
Fort Putnam Lower Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 15, 2012
2. Fort Putnam Lower Marker
history of the Hudson Highlands and West Point during the Revolution. The work was done in great part through the generosity of Mrs. Albert J. Bowley, wife of Lieutenant General Albert J. Bowley, Class of 1897; Colonel Henry C. McLean, Class of 1912; the Class of 1952; the West Point Fund; and with the help and support of the West Point community, faculty and students associated with Temple University, and several civilian contractors. The historical displays inside Fort Putnam have been designed to explain the military history of the region and to emphasize the importance of the West Point fortifications and the local terrain in the American Revolution. Reproduced artillery and mortars have been emplaced to show the approximate complement in 1780. In addition, at several points on the parapets (protective walls on the ramparts) plaques have been placed to identify the many other forts, redoubts (small enclosed works used to fortify hilltops, passes, etc.), and batteries (works in which guns and mortars are placed) which formed “Fortress West Point” from 1775 to 1783.
 
Location. 41° 23.407′ N, 73° 57.817′ W. Marker is in West Point, New York, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from Delafield Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is on the grounds of
Fort Putnam Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
3. Fort Putnam Markers
the United States Military Academy at the end of a walking trail that begins on Delafield Road. Marker is in this post office area: West Point NY 10996, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sherburneís Redoubt (a few steps from this marker); Artillery and Mortars (a few steps from this marker); Fort Arnold (a few steps from this marker); Casemates (a few steps from this marker); Cannon (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Fort Putnam (a few steps from this marker); Archeology, 1974 (a few steps from this marker); Revolutionary War Fortifications (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Point.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Fort Putnam Gates image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
4. Fort Putnam Gates
Both Fort Putnam markers can be seen in this photo to the right of the gates.
Fort Putnam Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
5. Fort Putnam Markers
The two markers for Fort Putnam are seen here from inside the fort through the open gate.
Fort Putnam image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
6. Fort Putnam
Fort Putnam was the key fortification in the series of forts and redoubts defending West Point during the Revolution.
Fort Putnam image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
7. Fort Putnam
Inside Fort Putnam image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
8. Inside Fort Putnam
Inside Fort Putnam image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
9. Inside Fort Putnam
View from Fort Putnam image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
10. View from Fort Putnam
During the Revolutionary War, the lack of trees provided a greater view than today's view. Back then, Fort Putnam protected the Plain and approaches to the Great Chain on the Hudson River (seen in the background).
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 5, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 895 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 16, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3, 4. submitted on June 9, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   5. submitted on June 8, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   6. submitted on June 9, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on June 8, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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