Leesburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
A Divided America, A Divided Loudoun County
The Potomac River formed a dividing line and to most Southerners, Maryland was enemy held territory. The Union army gathered along the river, centered on Washington, D.C., with the Confederates some 25 miles away along Bull Run near the railroad hub known as Manassas Junction. There, on July 21, the war's first large land battle was fought. With the resulting Confederate victory, the Union Army pulled back to reorganize. During the late summer and fall, the stage was being set for other battles. On October 21, fighting broke out here at Ballís Bluff.
Erected by Ballís Bluff Regional Park/Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority.
Location. 39° 7.827′ N, 77° 31.847′ W. Marker is in Leesburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker can be reached from Ballís Bluff Road, on the left when traveling east Touch for map. Located next to the parking lot for Ballís Bluff Regional Park. Marker is in this post office area: Leesburg VA 20176, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Aftermath of Ballís Bluff (here, next to this marker); Battle of Balls Bluff (here, next to this marker); Additional Area Civil War Sites (here, next to this marker); The Battle at Ballís Bluff (within shouting distance of this marker); 8th Virginia Infantry (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment (about 500 feet away); 17th Mississippi Infantry (about 600 feet away); Battlefield Historic Restoration Project (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Leesburg.
More about this marker. The marker has a county map depicting the division between areas of Union and Confederate sentiments.
A newspaper drawing shows, “The housetops in Charleston during the bombardment of Sumter” from Harperís Weekly, May 4, 1861.
Regarding A Divided America, A Divided Loudoun County. Related Markers Note:This marker is one of a set along the Balls Bluff Battlefield walking trail. See the Balls Bluff Virtual Tour
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Balls Bluff. A brief overview. (Submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Official Reports. Written by the officers who led units in the battle. (Submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. A County Divided. Loudoun County and the Civil War. (Submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
4. Balls Bluff Battlefield Virtual Tour by Marker. Over twenty markers detail the action at Balls Bluff and related sites. Please use the Click to map all markers shown on this page option at the bottom of the page to view a map of the marker locations. The hybrid view offers an excellent overlook of the park. (Submitted on November 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
1. Narrative from the Older Version of the Marker
On April 12, 1861, the storm clouds of war erupted over a divided America with the firing on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Just as America was divided in 1861, so was Virginia. Virginiaís western half would form a separate pro-Union state in 1863. Loudoun County was also split. Here in Loudoun County the division was based on settlement
In the weeks following the loss of Fort Sumter, the Union Army formed around Washington, D.C. The Confederate Army gathered at Manassas Junction, Virginia, twenty-five miles south of Leesburg. On July 21, 1861, the first great land battle of the war was fought on the plains of Manassas along a creek known as Bull Run. The result was a great Confederate victory.
The Potomac River now formed the dividing line between the Union and the Confederacy. The stage was set for the Battle of Ballís Bluff.
Kim Holien — Narrative and graphics.
Robert Wells Jr. and The American Blue & Gray Association — financial support.
— Submitted November 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,478 times since then and 57 times this year. Last updated on September 1, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. Photos: 1. submitted on September 1, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.