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Sandy Hook in Monmouth County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Spermaceti Cove Station No. 2

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—Maritime History —

 
Spermaceti Cove Station No. 2 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 20, 2009
1. Spermaceti Cove Station No. 2 Marker
Inscription. Sandbars, shallow waters, and winter storms off the New Jersey Shore were a constant danger to early sailing vessels. In a storm, wind and waves could destroy a helpless grounded ship, its cargo, and crew and passengers.

Commerce in and out of New York Harbor made the waters off Sandy Hook the busiest in the country. Surfmen stationed on Sandy Hook rescued hundreds of passengers and crew from ships wrecked along the coast. The Spermaceti Cove station, built in 1894, replaced an earlier one near the same site.

U.S. Life-Saving Service
During the 1870s, the United States Life-Saving Service (USLSS) was officially established to patrol the coast and rescue people stranded by shipwrecks. By 1900, forty-two Life-Saving Stations were operating along the New Jersey coast. In all, over 270 stations were built along the Atlantic, Pacific, Gulf, and Great Lakes shorelines. When the U.S. Coast Guard was established in 1915, it assumed the search and rescue mission of the U.S. Life-Saving Service.
 
Erected by National Park Service, State of New Jersey Division of Parks & Forestry.
 
Location. 40° 25.597′ N, 73° 59.048′ W. Marker is in Sandy Hook, New Jersey, in Monmouth County. Marker can be reached
Sandy Hook Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 20, 2009
2. Sandy Hook Marker
Sandy Hook is part of the New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route.
from Hartshorne Drive, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located at the Sandy Hook Visitor Center. Marker is in this post office area: Highlands NJ 07732, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Sandy Hook (within shouting distance of this marker); Nike Missile Site (approx. half a mile away); British Embarkation (approx. 1.4 miles away); a different marker also named British Embarkation (approx. 1.5 miles away); Captain Joshua Huddy — Prisoner of War (approx. 1.6 miles away); A Last Tragic Episode of the American Revolution (approx. 1.6 miles away); H.M.S. Assistance Tragedy Memorial (approx. 1.6 miles away); Longshore Sediment Movement (approx. 1.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sandy Hook.
 
More about this marker. The top of the marker contains two old photographs. One depicts “Station Keeper Captain Joel Wooley, on far right, outside Spermaceti Cove Life-Saving Station No. 2, circa 1900.” The other shows “The British ship ‘County of Edinburg’, grounded off Squan Beach, New Jersey in February 1900.” Two photographs at the bottom of the marker are of USLSS surfmen at work. One has a caption of “Launching the Life Boat at Sea Bright. Life Saving equipment
Spermaceti Cove Station No. 2 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 20, 2009
3. Spermaceti Cove Station No. 2
included a lifeline fired from shore to ships in distress, a life boat rowed out from shore, and a lifecar shuttled between ship and shore. (From Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, February 1, 1873).” The second photograph has the caption “One way USLSS surfmen rescued passengers was by firing a projectile, with a rope attached, over the ship’s mast. Heavier lines were then used to haul victims back to shore in a ‘breeches buoy’. From ‘The Illustrated London News’, October 1886.
The lower right of the marker features a map of the New Jersey and southern Long Island coastline indicating the locations of Life-Saving Stations.
 
Also see . . .  New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route. National Park Service website. (Submitted on September 21, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Waterways & Vessels
 
Spermaceti Cove Lifeboat Station image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 20, 2009
4. Spermaceti Cove Lifeboat Station
This structure was moved to nearby Twin Lights Historic Site when it was replaced by the larger Spermaceti Cove Station No. 2 seen above. It was one of the first Lifesaving Stations built in the United States.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 21, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 729 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 21, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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