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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Beloit in Rock County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Black Hawk War

 
 
Black Hawk War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Keith L, September 23, 2009
1. Black Hawk War Marker
Inscription. In the spring of 1831, the Sauk Indians led by Chief Keokuk left their ancestral home near the mouth of the Rock River and moved across the Mississippi, to fulfill the terms of a treaty signed in 1804.

On April 6, 1832, a dissatisfied faction led by Black Hawk returned with 400 warriors and 1200 women, children and old men. Why he risked this return to "my towns, my cornfields, and the homes of my people" in the face of certain opposition is not clear, but Black Hawk probably hoped that other Indians would join him in resisting further white settlement.

When this hope failed and the Illinois militia was called up, Black Hawk sent messengers to negotiate for peaceable removal across the Mississippi. One of his messengers was shot by the excited and poorly-disciplined militia and the war was on. The Indians briefly took the offensive and scalping parties attacked isolated communities of white settlers.

The exact route taken by Black Hawk as he retreated through southern Wisconsin toward the Mississippi is difficult to trace, because both pursued and pursuers were traveling unfamiliar terrain and their later accounts varied. Major engagements took place at Wisconsin Heights and at the Bad Axe, where the war ended August 2, 1832.
 
Erected 1968 by the Wisconsin
Closeup of Map on Black Hawk War Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, April 30, 2011
2. Closeup of Map on Black Hawk War Marker
Historical Society. (Marker Number 159.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Black Hawk War, and the Wisconsin Historical Society marker series.
 
Location. 42° 30.324′ N, 88° 59.05′ W. Marker is near Beloit, Wisconsin, in Rock County. Marker can be reached from Interstate 90 at milepost 187, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at northbound I-39/westbound I-90 Rest Area 22. Marker is 0.7 miles north of the Wisconsin/Illinois state line. Marker is in this post office area: Beloit WI 53511, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Medal of Honor (within shouting distance of this marker); Wisconsin's First Aviator (approx. 1.2 miles away); Beloit College (approx. 2.4 miles away); Rasey House (approx. 2.4 miles away); Roy Chapman Andrews (approx. 2.6 miles away); Black Hawk at Turtle Village / The U.S. Military at Turtle Village (approx. 2.6 miles away); Abraham Lincoln (approx. 2.7 miles away); Home of Governor Harvey (approx. 5.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Beloit.
 
Also see . . .  The Black Hawk War. (Submitted on September 26, 2009.)
 
Categories. Wars, US Indian
 
Black Hawk War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Keith L, September 23, 2009
3. Black Hawk War Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 26, 2009, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 1,314 times since then and 74 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 26, 2009, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin.   2. submitted on May 8, 2011, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.   3. submitted on September 26, 2009, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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