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York in York County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

York surrenders to save city

 
 
York surrenders to save city Marker image. Click for full size.
By Henry T. McLin, September 29, 2009
1. York surrenders to save city Marker
Marker is in the Northeast quadrant of the Square.
Inscription. In 1863, York became the largest Northern town occupied by the Confederate Army. The center of one of the richest farming regions in the Union, York was virtually defenseless as the Rebels approached. When Major General Jubal A. Early neared, the mayor and a committee of citizens met them to surrender the city. On June 28, Early moved into the court house and his brigades took over the U.S. Army Hospital on Penn Common, the York Fairgrounds, market sheds, and the mills north of town.

Early wanted supplies for his troops, so he demanded bread, sugar, coffee, molasses, meat, socks, hats, 2,000 pairs of shoes, and $100,000 from the citizens of York. If they failed to meet his demands, he threatened to sack the town. The townspeople found most of what he asked for, except they could scrape together only $28,600. Early was satisfied and spared the town.

York's leaders had agreed not to resist in return for peaceful occupation. As a result, the Confederates allowed the Yorkers to pass freely within the town. the residents interacted regularly with the occupiers, most of whom came from Georgia, Virginia, North Carolina, and Louisiana.
 
Erected 2009 by Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Pennsylvania Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location.
Looking north from S. George St. Marker is in left forefront. image. Click for full size.
By Henry T. McLin, September 29, 2009
2. Looking north from S. George St. Marker is in left forefront.
39° 57.753′ N, 76° 43.659′ W. Marker is in York, Pennsylvania, in York County. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: York PA 17403, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Articles of Confederation (here, next to this marker); McClean House (a few steps from this marker); Continental Treasury (a few steps from this marker); The Underground Railroad and Precursors to War (a few steps from this marker); Provincial Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Black Horse Tavern (within shouting distance of this marker); Globe Inn (within shouting distance of this marker); York and York County World War II Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in York.
 
More about this marker. In the center is a drawing of the York town square. In the lower center is a facsimile of the Receipt for payment of $28,600, the price to spare the town of York from destruction.
 
Also see . . .  Give me My Money!. Historian Scott Mingus discusses a 19-th Century news article regarding the ransom. Apparently, General Jubal Earl held bonds or notes for $70,000 of the remainder, and if the article is correct continued to hold them well after the war! (Submitted on October 1, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 30, 2009, by Henry T. McLin of Hanover, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 966 times since then and 64 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 30, 2009, by Henry T. McLin of Hanover, Pennsylvania. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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