East Greenbush in Rensselaer County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Gen. Henry Knox Trail
Gen. Henry Knox
In the Winter of 1775 - 1776
To Deliver To
Gen. George Washington
The Train of Artillery
From Fort Ticonderoga
Used to Force the British
Army to Evacuate Boston
The State of New York
During the Sesquicentennial
of the American Revolution
Erected 1926 by State of New York. (Marker Number NY-24.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the General Henry Knox Trail marker series.
Location. 42° 35.312′ N, 73° 41.97′ W. Marker is in East Greenbush, New York, in Rensselaer County. Marker is at the intersection of Columbia Turnpike (U.S. 20) and Hays Road, on the right when traveling west on Columbia Turnpike. Touch for map. The Gen. Henry Knox Trail Marker is on the lawn of the circa 1860 Greenbush Reformed Church at 688 Columbia Turnpike, East Greenbush, New York, on the southern corner between the Columbia Turnpike (Routes 9 & 20) and Hays Road. Marker is at or near this postal address: 688 Columbia Turnpike, East Greenbush NY 12061, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured Gen. Henry Knox Trail (approx. 3.2 miles away); Fort Crailo (approx. 3.7 miles away); Glenn Curtiss Flight (approx. 3.9 miles away); Fort Van Nassau (approx. 4 miles away); a different marker also named Gen. Henry Knox Trail (approx. 4 miles away); Trade Partners Along the Hudson (approx. 4.1 miles away); a different marker also named Fort Crailo (approx. 4.3 miles away); This is the Capital District (approx. 4.4 miles away).
More about this marker. The marker consists of a bronze plaque mounted on a large stone base. The plaque is attributed to sculptor Henry James Albright, 1887-1951.
A relief plaque on a stone marker commemorates General Henry Knox's delivery of artillery from Fort Ticonderoga to General George Washington at Cambridge, Massachusetts in the winter of 1775-1776. The image on the relief plaque depicts a young male figure driving a team of oxen. A uniformed male, probably General Knox, stands to the far right. The left side of the plaque contains a map that traces Knox's route from Fort Ticonderoga to Cambridge, also naming Ft George, Ft Edward, Saratoga, Halfmoon, Albany, Kinderhook, Claverach, and Noblestown.
Regarding Gen. Henry Knox Trail. The Henry Knox Cannon Trail denotes the path followed
This pivotal event of the American Revolution resulted in the evacuation of British soldiers from Boston.
The Advisory Board on Battlefields and Historic Sites recommended that the state of New York purchase 30 granite markers in identical pattern, each with a bronze tablet featuring a map of the trail, an image in relief of cannon being dragged by ox sled through the snow, and the words:
"Through this place passed General Henry Knox in the winter of 1775 - 1776 to deliver to General George Washington at Cambridge the Train of Artillery from Fort Ticonderoga used to force the British army to evacuate Boston. Erected by the State of New York 1927."
In all, 30 of the bronze plaques are in New York State and 26 in Massachusetts. They represent the 56-day journey of American troops from Fort Ticonderoga to Boston.
The monuments were erected beginning in 1926, during the commemoration of the 150-year anniversary of the American Revolution, and completed in 1927. The trail is one of the earliest heritage paths created in the United States.
According to the Hudson River Valley Institute
Henry Knox arrived at Fort Ticonderoga on the evening of December 5, 1775 accompanied by his 19-year-old brother William and a servant, Miller. Early the next day, assisted by the garrison of Fort Ticonderoga, he began to move the guns, including 43 heavy brass and iron cannons, 6 coehorns, 8 mortars and 2 howitzers.
In the second week of March, 1776, four months before the Declaration of Independence was signed, General Washington was ready to bombard the British in Boston from Dorchester Heights, using the array of heavy guns General Knox had laboriously dragged from Lake Champlain.
Lord William Howe recognized that only the evacuation of his army could save it, and on March 18 the victorious American army marched into the deserted city.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. These markers follow the route used by Knox to transfer cannons from Fort Ticonderoga to Cambridge, Mass.
Also see . . .
1. "The Knox Trial - Introduction" from The New York State Museum website. (Submitted on October 27, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
2. "The Knox Trail - Locations" From the Hudson River Valley Institute webpage. (Submitted on October 27, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
3. "Major General Henry Knox" biography from The American Revolution Homepage website. (Submitted on October 27, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
Additional keywords. George Washington, Ft George, Ft Edward, Saratoga, Halfmoon, Albany, Kinderhook, Claverach, Noblestown, Cambridge, oxen, sleds, canons, Mortars
Categories. • Notable Events • Notable Persons • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 27, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. This page has been viewed 1,050 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 27, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. 5. submitted on July 24, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 6. submitted on October 27, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.