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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Flour Trade

 
 
The Flour Trade Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, October 25, 2009
1. The Flour Trade Marker
Inscription. Flour milling was Richmond's earliest industry, and in the 19th century, only tobacco surpassed flour as Richmond's largest commercial product. Richmond flour brands were known internationally for not spoiling in tropical conditions, and were particularly popular in South America and Australia.

Wheat arrived in Richmond by railroad, canalboat, and ship. Flour from country mills, shipped in by canalboat, was inferior and known as "canal flour".

During the California Gold Rush, clipper ships carried Richmond flour around Cape Horn to San Francisco Bay in large quantities - 300,000 barrels in 1853. Vessels carrying flour to South America often returned with coffee and spices, which spawned a number of Richmond industries. The city was the leading coffee market in the country in 1860.

Although the flour industry recovered after the Civil War, it never regained its former prominence.
 
Location. 37° 32.092′ N, 77° 26.128′ W. Marker is in Richmond, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of South 12th Street and East Canal Street, on the right when traveling north on South 12th Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Richmond VA 23219, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker
Flour Mill Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, October 25, 2009
2. Flour Mill Markers
. Inside A Flour Mill (here, next to this marker); Gallego Mills (a few steps from this marker); Tidewater Connection Locks (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); James River & Kanawha Canal (about 300 feet away); Gallego Mill Flume (about 400 feet away); Bowers Brothers Coffee and Tea Building (about 400 feet away); 1201 East Cary Street (about 400 feet away); The Center of Industry in 18th and 19th Century Richmond (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
 
More about this marker. On the left is a sketch carrying the caption, "Haxall Brands. Richmond was known for quality cooperage. Barrelmaking was a craft open to both black and white workers. (1879-80 City Directory)

On the top right is a sketch carrying the caption, "Haxall Mils, 1882. Main rival to Gallego Mills. Foreground, Kanawha Canal; left, bridge at 12th Street. (Print Courtesy of Velentine Museum)
 
Categories. Antebellum South, USIndustry & CommerceWaterways & Vessels
 
Richmond, Virginia. Haxal & Crenshaw's mill. image. Click for full size.
By Alexander Gardner, Apr 1865
3. Richmond, Virginia. Haxal & Crenshaw's mill.
Library of Congress [LC-B815- 852]
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 31, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 742 times since then and 18 times this year. Last updated on November 1, 2009, by Jeff Conner of Norfolk, Virginia. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 31, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   3. submitted on November 1, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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