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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Canal and the Civil War

 
 
The Canal and the Civil War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 3, 2009
1. The Canal and the Civil War Marker
Inscription. At the beginning of the Civil War in 1861, the James River and the Kanawha Canal extended to Buchanon, nearly 200 miles west of Richmond. As Virginia’s railroads fell prey to Union armies, the canal became an increasingly important artery in the Confederacy’s transportation network. Despite its significance, Union armies made little effort to sever the canal in the first years of the war. It was not seriously threatened until March 1864, when Ulric Dalgren’s raiders briefly reached the James River. Three months later a Confederate force at Lynchburg defeated Federals under Gen. David Hunter, saving the waterway from serious injury. In March 1865, Union calvary under Gen. Philip Sheridan delivered the most serious blow by damaging enormous stretches of the canal west of Richmond.
 
Location. 37° 32.181′ N, 77° 26.782′ W. Marker is in Richmond, Virginia. Marker can be reached from Tredegar Street 0.1 miles west of South 5th Street. Touch for map. This marker is located behind the Civil War Visitor Center at Tredegar Iron Works. Marker is at or near this postal address: 470 Tredegar Street, Richmond VA 23219, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rail Lines at Tredegar (here, next to this marker); Worker Housing
The Kanawha Canal is to the left off the marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 3, 2009
2. The Kanawha Canal is to the left off the marker
(a few steps from this marker); Tredegar Spike Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Cupolas from the Virginia State Penitentiary (within shouting distance of this marker); Rutherfoord’s Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); President Lincoln Visits Richmond (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Neighborhoods at Tredegar (about 300 feet away); The Richmond-Petersburg Railroad Bridge (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
 
More about this marker. On the upper half of the panel is a map of the canal system and on the lower half a photograph of the James River. The caption reads:

"The absence of serious military action in the bountiful counties of west-central Virginia during the first three years of the war made that region an important “breadbasket” for the state. Barges and boats used the canal to bring the capital an uninterrupted flow of supplies from the west, including raw materials for the Tredegar Iron Works. Chimborazo Hospital had its own boat, as did Winder Hospital (boat
The Kanawha Canal facing east image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 3, 2009
3. The Kanawha Canal facing east
seen below), to secure welcome fresh produce for their patients."

There are several misspelled words including Buchanan, Dahlgren, and cavalry.
 
Also see . . .
1. Civil War Visitor Center at Tredegar Iron Works. Richmond National Battlefield Park (Submitted on November 5, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar. (Submitted on November 5, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
3. Richmond Riverfront Canal Walk. Venture Richmond (Submitted on November 5, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

4. James River & Kanawha Canal. Civil War Richmond (Submitted on November 5, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
The Kanawha Canal facing west image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 3, 2009
4. The Kanawha Canal facing west
View towards the Visitor Center image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 3, 2009
5. View towards the Visitor Center
Nearby Civil War gun image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 3, 2009
6. Nearby Civil War gun
Civil War Visitor Center at Tredegar Iron Works image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 3, 2009
7. Civil War Visitor Center at Tredegar Iron Works
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 5, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 812 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on November 5, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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