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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Tredegar Spike Mill

 
 
Tredegar Spike Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 3, 2009
1. Tredegar Spike Mill Marker
Inscription. You are now standing in the middle of the footprint of the Tredegar spike mill. Since its beginnings in the 1830s, the Tredegar Iron Works relied on railroads as a major market. Spikes were one of the most important products Tredegar made and, even after leaving their James River site in 1957, Tredegar continued to produce spikes into the late 1980s at a plant in Chesterfield County.
 
Location. 37° 32.161′ N, 77° 26.767′ W. Marker is in Richmond, Virginia. Marker can be reached from Tredegar Street 0.1 miles west of South 5th Street. Touch for map. This marker is located outside the Civil War Visitor Center at Tredegar Iron Works. Marker is at or near this postal address: 470 Tredegar Street, Richmond VA 23219, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rutherfoord’s Mill (a few steps from this marker); Cupolas from the Virginia State Penitentiary (within shouting distance of this marker); Worker Housing (within shouting distance of this marker); Rail Lines at Tredegar (within shouting distance of this marker); President Lincoln Visits Richmond (within shouting distance of this marker); The Canal and the Civil War
Tredegar Spike Mill image. Click for full size.
November 8, 2009
2. Tredegar Spike Mill
(within shouting distance of this marker); Raceways (within shouting distance of this marker); Tredegar in 1951 (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
 
More about this marker. On the upper left is a photograph of the spike mill with the caption, “In 1859 Joseph Reid Anderson built the first spike mill (above) on the ruins of the former Rutherfoord flour mill, just north of where you are standing along the canal.” Also on the left is a site map with the caption, “The 20th century Spike Mill was a much larger building, housing spike machines and several rolling mills.”

On the lower left is a schematic of the mill's power plant with the caption, “From the mid-19th century to the 1950s the rolling mills, spike machines and other equipment were powered through the use of water turbines, sophisticated water wheels housed in the pit behind you. Water flowed down the hill from the canal in underground “raceways” (the brick openings), and was channeled through metal tubes into the metal cases you can see below ground. The shafts coming upward from the turbines turned a set of gears, transferring power to equipment."

On
Tredegar Spike Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 3, 2009
3. Tredegar Spike Mill Marker
the lower right is a photograph of a mill in operation with the caption, “Spike production involved reheating meta “billets,” and rolling them into long thin rods. These rods would then be cut into shorter pieces about six feet long. After another heating, the rod was fed into a machine that cut and formed the spike automatically. The photo to the left is a spike machine recovered at the Tredegar plant in Chesterfield County.”
 
Also see . . .
1. Civil War Visitor Center at Tredegar Iron Works. Richmond National Battlefield Park (Submitted on November 11, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. Tredegar Iron Works. National Park Service (Submitted on November 11, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

3. The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar. (Submitted on November 11, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceRailroads & Streetcars
 
Spike Mill water turbines image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 8, 2009
4. Spike Mill water turbines
Spike Mill raceway from the canal image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 8, 2009
5. Spike Mill raceway from the canal
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 11, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 667 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 11, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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