New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
City Hall to U.S.Capitol / Money Men / Nassau Changes Scale
< City Hall to U.S.Capitol >
New York’s second City Hall was completed 1700, using stones salvaged from the just-demolished wall after which Wall Street is named. Abraham De Peyster donated the site to the city, enhancing the value of his other lots along Wall Street. The first floor was a prison, the second held courtrooms. Just in front stood the stocks, the pillory, and the whipping post, moved up from the old “Stady Huys” (State House) on Coenties Slip in 1703.
City Hall was extensively remodeled in 1788-89 to become the first U.S. Capitol, a function it served for only one year. George Washington is receiving the presidential Oath of Office from Chancellor Robert R. Livingston April 30, 1789.
Washington and His Cabinet
From left to right: General Henry Knox, Secretary of War; Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury; Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State; and Edmund Randolph, Attorney General.
< Money Men >
J.P. Morgan and Co., 1890s
Junius Spencer Morgan had arranged to have his 34-year-old son J. Pierpont Morgan join Anthony Drexel’s Philadelphia brokerage and banking firm, and the new six-story white marble office was opened 1871 as Drexel, Morgan and Company. J.P. Morgan was, until his death in 1913, the
Jim Fisk, 1835-72
The stock market speculator in the uniform of Colonel of the 9th Regiment of the New York Militia, 1870. The famous “Black Friday” of 1869 was caused by Jay Gould and Jim Fisk cornering the market in gold, then demanding the immediate payment from short sellers.
< Nassau Changes Scale >
The House of Orange-Nassau, the present royal family of the Netherlands dates back to Charlemagne. Nassau Street was named in honor of William III of the House of Orange-Nassau, who became King of England in 1689. This is a view of No. 7 and No. 11 in 1880. The Hanover Bank (far right) is at the corner of Pine Street, in what was then called the Duncan Building, demolished 1901.
1926 The roof of present Federal Hall National Memorial is in the lower left of this 1926 photograph. The 39-story Bankers Trust Building, built 1910-14, was one of the tallest buildings in New York upon completion, and its site cost $825 a square foot, then said to be the highest price ever paid for land in the world. Next to it at Nassau and Pine is the old 22-story Hanover Bank, built 1901.
Location. 40° 42.428′ N, 74° 0.638′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker is at the intersection Touch for map. This is a three-sided marker located at the foot of the steps of Federal Hall National Memorial. Marker is at or near this postal address: 26 Wall Street, New York NY 10005, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. J.P. Morgan Building (here, next to this marker); Ohio Company of Associates (a few steps from this marker); J. P. Morgan (a few steps from this marker); On this site in Federal Hall (a few steps from this marker); 1 Wall Street / 14 Wall Street (a few steps from this marker); Let Freedom Ring (within shouting distance of this marker); Federal Hall National Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Federal Hall National Monument (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
More about this marker. The "City Hall to U.S.Capitol" panel includes pictures of the old City Hall building, Washington taking the Oath of Office at Federal Hall, and Washington with his cabinet.
The "Money Men" panel features pictures of the Morgan Guarantee Trust Company and of Col. Jim Fisk in uniform.
The "Nassau Changes Scale" panel contains two different pictures of the Manufacturers Hanover Trust buildings.
Categories. • Government • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 14, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 837 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on November 14, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.