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Near Monasterboice in County Louth, Leinster, Ireland — Mid-East (and Dublin)
 

Monasterboice / Mainistir Bhuithe

 
 
Monasterboice / Mainistir Bhuithe Marker image. Click for full size.
October 11, 2009
1. Monasterboice / Mainistir Bhuithe Marker
Inscription.
Monasterboice — from Mainistir Bhuithe (the Monastery of Buithe)
This is the only early Irish monastery whose name incorporates the Irish word mainistir.

Monasterboice was founded by St Buite, who died around 520.

The monastery was an important centre of spirituality and learning for many centuries until the Cistercians arrived at nearby Mellifont in 1142.

The two churches which stand on the site today were probably built no earlier than the end of the 14th century. The round tower seems to have been the treasury as well as the belfry since the annals record that it was burned in 1097 along with the books and treasures of the monastery.

Monasterboice's great monuments are its high crosses which may have been used to tell the stories from the Bible to a congregation. Muiredach's Cross, one of the most perfect in Ireland, is named after an abbot, probably Muiredach mac Domhnaill who died in 923. It is 5.5m high and is decorated with figure sculpture from both the Old and New Testaments. The west face of the cross-head has a crucifixion.

A sundial was used to tell time in the monastery.

The elegant West Cross, located close to the round tower, is also early 10th century in date. On the east face of its cross-head is the Second Coming
Monasterboice Marker Detail - Muiredach's High Cross image. Click for full size.
October 11, 2009
2. Monasterboice Marker Detail - Muiredach's High Cross
of Christ while on the opposite face is a crucifixion. A reconstructed third high cross with a crucifixion stands inside a railing at the north end of the site.

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Monasterboice — from Mainistir Bhuithe (the Monastery of Buithe)
Is í seo an t-aon [?]mhainistir amháin ina bhfuil an focal mainistir mar chuid den airen.

Bhunaigh Naomh Buithe (a d'éag thart ar 520) Mainistir Bhuithe.

Ionad tábhachtach ab ea Mainistir Bhuithe i gcúrsaí spioradálta agus léinn ar feadh na gcéadta bliain, go dtí gur tháinig na Cisteirsigh go dtí Mainistir Mhór Dhroichead Átha, in aice láimhe, sa bhliain 1142.

Gach seans nár tógadh an dá eaglais atá ina seasamh san áit inniu nios túisce ná deireadh an 14ú haois. Tá an chuma ar an scéal go raibh an cloigtheach in úsáid mar thaisce i dteannta é a bheith ina chlogás, mar sna hannála tuairiscítear gur dódh é bhliain 1097 mar aon le leabhair agus taiscí na mainistreach.

Is iad na crosa arda na príomh-shéadchomharthaí i Mainistir Bhuithe. Meastar gur úsáideadh iad chun scéalta ón mBíobla a léiriú don phobal. Luaitear an chros is fearr in Éirinn, Cros Mhuireadhaigh, le hab darbh ainm Muireadhach Mac Domhnaill, a d'éag sa bhliain 923.

Tá sí 5.5m ar airde agus tá figiúirí ón Sean-agus ón Nua-Thiomna greanta uirthi.
Monasterboice / Mainistir Bhuithe Marker image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
3. Monasterboice / Mainistir Bhuithe Marker
Behind Muiredach's high cross (West Face).
Tá dealbh na croiche greanta ar aghaidh thair cheann na croise.

D'úsáidtí clog gréíne chun cúrsaí ama a shocrú sa mhainistir.

Luaitear dáta i dtús an 10ú haois freisin leis an gcros mhaorga thiar, atá suite in aice leis an gcloigtheach. Ar aghaidh thoir cheann na croise tá Teacht Chriost an Athuair léirithe, agus ar a chúl sin tá deatbh na croiche. Laistigh de na ráillí ar an taobh thuaidh den suíomh seo tá cros ard eile a bhí briste ach atá churtha le chéile aris.


[Gaelic version is a best effort but not exact]
 
Erected by Office of Public Works / Oifig na nOibreacha Poiblí.
 
Location. 53° 46.649′ N, 6° 25.025′ W. Marker is near Monasterboice, Leinster, in County Louth. Touch for map. Marker is in the Monasterboice monastery site, about 0.8 miles west of the village of Monasterboice, and about 0.5 miles WNW of the intersection of Tower View road with routes R132, N1, and M1.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 13 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The South Church / An Teampall Theas (within shouting distance of this marker); The North Church / An Teampall Thuaidh (within shouting distance of this marker); Round Tower / An Cloigtheach (within shouting distance of this marker);
Muiredach's Cross (East Face) image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
4. Muiredach's Cross (East Face)
Knowth / Cnogbha (approx. 9.7 kilometers away); The Woodhenge/Pit circle / The Winter Soltice (approx. 10 kilometers away); Slane Abbey (approx. 10.6 kilometers away); Saint Patrick on the Hill of Slane (approx. 10.7 kilometers away); Duleek 1916 - 1981 Hunger Strike Monument (approx. 12.9 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Monasterboice.
 
Also see . . .  Monasterboice. (Submitted on November 19, 2009.)
 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesCharity & Public WorkChurches, Etc.EducationMan-Made FeaturesNotable PersonsNotable PlacesSettlements & Settlers
 
Muiredach's Cross (West Face) image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
5. Muiredach's Cross (West Face)
Muiredach's Cross (East Face Center) Christ in Majesty image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
6. Muiredach's Cross (East Face Center) Christ in Majesty
Blessed on left of Christ while the Damned are being sent away with Satan (with pitchfork).
Muiredach's Cross (West Face Center) The Crucifixion of Christ image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
7. Muiredach's Cross (West Face Center) The Crucifixion of Christ
Figures at left possibly depict the Denial of Peter, while figures at right represent the Resurrection. Interlocked bird and serpent designs are above and below Christ, respectively.
Muiredach's Cross (East Face) Below Center image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
8. Muiredach's Cross (East Face) Below Center
Top scene is the Adoration of the Magi at Christ's Birth. Bottom scene is Moses Striking the Rock to Bring Forth Water.
Muiredach's Cross (East Face) Bottom of Cross image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
9. Muiredach's Cross (East Face) Bottom of Cross
Top scene depicts Scenes from the Life of David; Bottom scene shows Adam and Eve (left), and Cain slaying Abel (right).
Muiredach's Cross (East Face) Top of Cross image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
10. Muiredach's Cross (East Face) Top of Cross
Bottom scene is Christ's Ascension; top scene might depict Saint Paul.
Muiredach's Cross (West Face) Top of Cross image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
11. Muiredach's Cross (West Face) Top of Cross
Possibly depicts the Ascended Christ or Moses, Aaron, and Hut.
Muiredach's Cross (South Side) Top image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
12. Muiredach's Cross (South Side) Top
Top scene might be the Horsemen of the Apocalypse; bottom scene is of Pilate Washing his Hands.
Muiredach's Cross (North Side) Top image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
13. Muiredach's Cross (North Side) Top
Depicts Saints Paul and Anthony.
Muiredach's Cross (South Side) Below Cross image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
14. Muiredach's Cross (South Side) Below Cross
Top design has heads with intertwining serpents while bottom design is "inhabited vinescroll."
Muiredach's Cross (North Side) End of Cross Arm image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
15. Muiredach's Cross (North Side) End of Cross Arm
Possibly depicts the Mocking of Christ before his crucifixion.
Muiredach's Cross (South Side) Bottom of Cross image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
16. Muiredach's Cross (South Side) Bottom of Cross
Top panel is bossed decoration and bottom panel is an interlacing of humans.
West Cross (West Face) image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
17. West Cross (West Face)
Center of cross depicts Christ's Crucifixion.
West Cross (West Face) image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
18. West Cross (West Face)
Depicts Christ's Crucifixion. Also shows weathering.
West Cross (West Face) Panels image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
19. West Cross (West Face) Panels
Fenced High Cross (West Face) With Crucifixion Detail image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
20. Fenced High Cross (West Face) With Crucifixion Detail
Sundial also within fence.
Fenced High Cross (East Face) image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
21. Fenced High Cross (East Face)
Round Tower and West Cross in background.
Fenced High Cross (West Face) Showing Crucifixion Detail image. Click for full size.
April 11, 2009
22. Fenced High Cross (West Face) Showing Crucifixion Detail
Monasterboice Sundial image. Click for full size.
23. Monasterboice Sundial
Next to fenced high cross.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 17, 2009. This page has been viewed 2,616 times since then and 94 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 18, 2009.   4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23. submitted on November 19, 2009.
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