Manassas in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
“Fortiﬁcations of Immense Strength”
Early in May 1861, Col. Philip St. George Cocke arrived here to refine plans for the fortification of Manassas Junction, which had already begun. Confederate president Jefferson Davis had directed Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, the “Hero of Fort Sumter,” to take command of the forces here and direct the construction of the fortifications. In three months, thirteen earthwork forts, numerous rifle pits, and a network of connecting trenches were built to protect the railroad and the army’s base surrounding the junction.
“Spades and pickaxes [were] so disgustingly plentiful that the mere sight of them was enough to send men to the hospital.” —Diary of Henry
“I frequently strolled down to the Junction, to watch the progress of our preparations. A large redoubt about half a mile long, and a quarter wide had been erected. It was at least ten feet high, and as many wide on top, with a large ditch in front. ... There were several smaller batteries placed in front on elevations, and the works altogether seemed formidable enough o protect the depot and stores, should the enemy penetrate so far.” —“An English Combatant” describing Manassas Junction about June 1861
“The sound of the spade and axe handled by individuals who never before dreamed of becoming experienced in an art so extremely fatiguing and unprofitable. Among those becoming experienced in the use of the spade you might find your humble sevt.” —Letter, Charles I. Batchelor, Atchafalaya Guard, Louisiana. to Albert Batchelor, Oct. 10, 1861
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Manassas Gap Railroad, the Virginia Civil War Trails, and the Virginia, Wartime Manassas Walking Tour marker series.
Location. 38° 45.005′ N, 77° 28.385′ W. Marker is in Manassas, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker is on West Street south of Center Touch for map. It is at the railroad station which is served by both Amtrak and the Virginia Railway Express (www.vre.org). Marker is in this post office area: Manassas VA 20110, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Wartime Manassas (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Wartime Manassas (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Manassas Junction (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Wartime Manassas (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Wartime Manassas (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Wartime Manassas (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Wartime Manassas (about 500 feet away); Opera House (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Manassas.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . . Fortifications at Manassas Junction. Rather detailed breakdown based on maps and photographs. (Submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • Railroads & Streetcars • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 19, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,306 times since then and 61 times this year. Last updated on September 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. Photos: 1. submitted on November 19, 2006. 2. submitted on November 19, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. 3. submitted on December 9, 2012, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. 4. submitted on September 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.