Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Richmond in Henrico County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Gabrielís Rebellion

A Failed Insurrection

 
 
Gabrielís Rebellion Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 21, 2009
1. Gabrielís Rebellion Marker
Inscription. Adjacent to this park, in a location known as Youngís Spring (1), Gabriel, a slave of Thomas Prosser, was appointed leader of the rebellion in the summer of 1800. He lived on Brookfield Plantation (2) in Henrico County. His objectives were to overtake the capital and convince Governor James Monroe to support more political, social, and economic equality between members of society. Gabriel targeted area slaves, white artisans, freemen, religious supporters and French sympathizers as recruits for his revolution.

The rebellion was planned for the night of August 30, 1800. Slaves from neighboring counties were to meet just north of Brook Bridge (3) on Brook Road. Once assembled, the rebels would kill the plantation owners in the area to insure the secrecy of the plot. They would proceed to Richmond and meet others from Petersburg. One band would secure Mayoís Bridge (4) and set fire to Rocketts (5), a warehouse district in Richmond, as a diversion. A second band would capture the State Capitol (6). They would then kidnap Governor Monroe and persuade him to accept their demands.

The scheme failed due to a massive thunderstorm that made roads and bridges impassible. The rebel leaders rescheduled for the next evening, but it was too late. Two slaves from Meadow Farm (7), Tom and Pharaoh, informed their owner, Mosby Sheppard,
Gabrielís Rebellion Map image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 21, 2009
2. Gabrielís Rebellion Map
1. Youngís Spring (Lakeside & Bryan Park Avenue)
2. Brookfield Plantation (East of Route 1 between Parham Road and Brook Run)
3. Brook Bridge (Route 1 & Brook Run)
4. Mayoís Bridge (14th Street & James River)
5. Rocketts (Dock & Pear Streets)
6. State Capitol (Grace Street between 9th & 12th Streets)
7. Meadow Farm (Courtney & Mountain Roads)
8. Penitentiary (Belvidere & Spring Streets)
9. Henrico County Courthouse (22nd & East Main Streets)
10. The Gallows (15th & Broad Streets)
of the plot. Sheppard notified Governor Monroe, who called out the militia to protect the capital. Gabriel escaped down the Chickahominy River and eventually to Norfolk.

On September 23, 1800, Gabriel was arrested and imprisoned at the newly built Penitentiary (8). The Henrico Court (9) tried and convicted Gabriel and more than twenty rebels for conspiracy. Gabriel was executed at the Gallows (10) on October 10, 1800.
 
Erected by County of Henrico.
 
Location. 37° 35.951′ N, 77° 27.916′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Virginia, in Henrico County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Park Street and Bloomingdale Avenue. Touch for map. This marker is located in the parking lot of the Spring Park Historic Site. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2000 Park Street, Henrico VA 23228, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Spring Park (a few steps from this marker); Young's Spring (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Joseph Bryan Park (about 700 feet away); Richmond Defences (approx. ľ mile away); Sheridan Maneuvers East (approx. 0.6 miles away); AdŤle Goodman Clark
Gabrielís Rebellion Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 21, 2009
3. Gabrielís Rebellion Marker
(approx. ĺ mile away); Emmanuel Church at Brook Hill Episcopal (approx. ĺ mile away); Gabrielís Insurrection (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
 
Also see . . .
1. Gabrielís Rebellion. Henrico County (Submitted on November 22, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. Hidden History - Virginia Business Online. A tour of Virginia's major slave rebellion sites serves as a vivid reminder of a prejudiced past. (Submitted on November 22, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

3. Gabriel's Conspiracy 1799-1800. PBS – Africans in America (Submitted on November 22, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansAntebellum South, USNotable Events
 
Spring Park Historic Site on Park Street image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 21, 2009
4. Spring Park Historic Site on Park Street
Upham Brook (Young's Spring) image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 21, 2009
5. Upham Brook (Young's Spring)
Gabriel Prosser image. Click for full size.
6. Gabriel Prosser
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 22, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,812 times since then and 53 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 22, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   6. submitted on November 22, 2009.
Paid Advertisement