Savannah in Chatham County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Construction of Fort Jackson
In the early years of the 19th century, the United States
was a fledgling nation with a population of 7,700,000, a standing army of 6,700, and a navy of only 12 ships. The Americans were vastly outnumbered by the major powers of the time, France with an army of well over 600,000 and Great Britain with a navy of nearly 600 ships.
Presidents Washington, Adams, and Jefferson had pursued neutral policies making every effort to avoid becoming embroiled in the world wide conflict between Great Britain and France. Following several events which threatened to bring the United States into this war, President Jefferson authorized the construction of forts and ships in 1807. One spot selected to be fortified was lot 12 at Five Fathom Hole on the Savannah River. This fortification was to become Fort James Jackson.
Captain William McRee:
In the spring of 1808, Captain William McRee, a member of the United States Army Engineer Department began supervising the construction of Fort Jackson. The work force consisted of hired laborers
War With Britain is Declared
At the request of President Jefferson, the United States Congress voted on the issue of the war with Britain. The results were close, with the house voting 79 to 49 and the Senate voting 19 to 13 in favor of war. Sentiments for going to war were stronger in the south as the city of Savannah indicated when the city council unanimously voted on a resolution which referred to war with Britain as "...just, necessary, and righteous..."
In responce to hostilities, Captain McRee at Fort Jackson recieved the
You will proceed with all possible dispatch to complete the fortifications of Fort Jackson and Wayne according to the plans which I have this day examined and approved, and it being indispensably necessary that these posts should when completed be furnished with garrisons for their defense, but no troops of the old army of the United States having been assigned to that duty / you are hereby authorized and directed to make application to the Governor of Georgia for as many officers and men of Militia of this State as may be necessary for their immediate protection and defense not exceeding in the whole three hundred rank and file.
P.S. I have just recieved official notification of the declaration of war which had taken place on June 18 and took nearly six days for the news to reach Savannah.
Erected by Coastal Heritage Society.
Location. 32° 4.903′ N, 81° 2.233′ W. Marker is in Savannah, Georgia, in Chatham County. Marker can be reached from Fort Jackson Road. North (left) off of Presidents Street (US80) at Woodcock Street ,east (right) off of Woodcock Street onto Fort Jackson Road, Located at Old Fort Jackson. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Savannah GA 31404, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles Garrison of Fort Jackson (within shouting distance of this marker); Republican Blues (within shouting distance of this marker); CSS Georgia: The "Ladies' Gunboat" (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857 (about 400 feet away); Colonials at Bonaventure (approx. 2½ miles away); King Cotton (approx. 2.6 miles away); Fred Wessels, Senior (approx. 2.6 miles away); Savannah's Liberty Ships and the Atlantic Bridge (approx. 2.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Savannah.
Regarding Construction of Fort Jackson. Entry on National Register of Historic Places:
Built in the period 1808–1812; defended Savannah and its harbor; used by the Confederacy; withstood a minor Union attack in 1862.
Designated National Historic Landmark:
February 16, 2000
Fort James Jackson (added 1970 - - #70000200)
Also known as Fort Oglethorpe
♦ Historic Significance: Event, Architecture/Engineering
♦ Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
♦ Architectural Style: No Style Listed
♦ Area of Significance: Military, Architecture
♦ Period of Significance: 1850-1874, 1825-1849, 1800-1824
♦ Owner: State
♦ Historic Function: Defense
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Military • War of 1812 •
More. Search the internet for Construction of Fort Jackson.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 30, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,358 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on November 30, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 16. submitted on December 4, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 17, 18, 19, 20. submitted on September 27, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.