Savannah in Chatham County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Construction of Fort Jackson
In the early years of the 19th century, the United States
was a fledgling nation with a population of 7,700,000, a standing army of 6,700, and a navy of only 12 ships. The Americans were vastly outnumbered by the major powers of the time, France with an army of well over 600,000 and Great Britain with a navy of nearly 600 ships.
Presidents Washington, Adams, and Jefferson had pursued neutral policies making every effort to avoid becoming embroiled in the world wide conflict between Great Britain and France. Following several events which threatened to bring the United States into this war, President Jefferson authorized the construction of forts and ships in 1807. One spot selected to be fortified was lot 12 at Five Fathom Hole on the Savannah River. This fortification was to become Fort James Jackson.
Captain William McRee:
In the spring of 1808, Captain William McRee, a member of the United States Army Engineer Department began supervising the construction of Fort Jackson. The work force consisted of hired laborers and leased slaves. McRee was born in 1787, in Wilmington North Carolina. At the age of 15, McRee decided on a military career and enrolled at West Point. After two years, he graduated second
War With Britain is Declared
At the request of President Jefferson, the United States Congress voted on the issue of the war with Britain. The results were close, with the house voting 79 to 49 and the Senate voting 19 to 13 in favor of war. Sentiments for going to war were stronger in the south as the city of Savannah indicated when the city council unanimously voted on a resolution which referred to war with Britain as "...just, necessary, and righteous..."
In responce to hostilities, Captain McRee at Fort Jackson recieved the following letter from General Thomas Pinckney:
You will proceed with all possible dispatch to complete the fortifications of Fort Jackson and Wayne according to the plans which
P.S. I have just recieved official notification of the declaration of war which had taken place on June 18 and took nearly six days for the news to reach Savannah.
Erected by Coastal Heritage Society.
Location. 32° 4.903′ N, 81° 2.233′ W. Marker is in Savannah, Georgia, in Chatham County. Marker can be reached from Fort Jackson Road. Touch for map. North (left) off of Presidents Street (US80) at Woodcock Street ,east (right) off of Woodcock Street onto Fort Jackson Road, Located at Old Fort Jackson. Marker is in this post office area: Savannah GA 31404, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Garrison of Fort Jackson (within shouting distance of this marker); Republican Blues The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857 (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Colonials at Bonaventure (approx. 2½ miles away); King Cotton (approx. 2.6 miles away); Fred Wessels, Senior (approx. 2.6 miles away); Savannah's Liberty Ships and the Atlantic Bridge (approx. 2.7 miles away); Savannah's Early Economy (approx. 2.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Savannah.
Regarding Construction of Fort Jackson. Entry on National Register of Historic Places:
Built in the period 1808–1812; defended Savannah and its harbor; used by the Confederacy; withstood a minor Union attack in 1862.
Designated National Historic Landmark:
February 16, 2000
Fort James Jackson (added 1970 - - #70000200)
Also known as Fort Oglethorpe
♦ Historic Significance: Event, Architecture/Engineering
♦ Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
♦ Architectural Style: No Style Listed
♦ Area of Significance: Military, Architecture
♦ Owner: State
♦ Historic Function: Defense
♦ Historic Sub-function: Fortification
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Military • War of 1812 •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 30, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,310 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on November 30, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 16. submitted on December 4, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 17, 18, 19, 20. submitted on September 27, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.