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Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil — Northern Region
 

Praça São Sebastião

Monumento Comemorativo a Abertura dos Portos

 

—Monument to the Opening of the [Amazon] Ports —

 
Praça São Sebastião, Monument Panels 1 & 2: "Asia - America" image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, December 17, 2009
1. Praça São Sebastião, Monument Panels 1 & 2: "Asia - America"
Inscription.

[Panel 1]
Mandado Construir em MDCCCXCIX pelo Exmo Senr. Jose Cardoso Ramalho Júnior, Governador do Estado do Amazonas.
[In English: Construction Ordered, 1899, by His Excellency, Mr. Jose Cardoso Ramalho Junior, Governor of the State of Amazonas.]

"ASIA"

[Panel 2]
15 de Novembro de MDCCCLXXXIX.
[November 15, 1889.]

"AMERICA"

[Panel 3]
Monumento Levanta do em substitução ao que foi erguido n’esta praça em XII de Setembro de MDCCCLXVII como preito de gratidão dos amazonenses aos propugnadores da grande ideia de abertura dos portos do amazonas aos navios mercantes de todos as nações.
Decreto no. 3749 de XII de Dezembro de MDCCCLXVI referenda do dos conselheiro Antonio Coelho de Paula Albu Querque.
[In English: Monument raised to replace that erected in this square September 12, 1867, in homage of gratitude of the Amazonians to the boosters of the grand idea of opening of the ports of the Amazon to the merchant ships of all nations.
Order No. 3749 of December 12, 1866, countersigned by Attorney Antonio Coelho of Paula Albu Querque.
]

"AFRICA"

[Panel 4]
Inaugurado a III de Maio de MCM, IV Centenario do
Praça São Sebastião, Monument Panels 3 & 4: "Africa - Europa" image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, December 17, 2009
2. Praça São Sebastião, Monument Panels 3 & 4: "Africa - Europa"
Descobrimento do Brasil.
[In English: Inaugurated to May 3, 1900, the Fourth Centennial of the Discovery of Brazil.]

"EUROPA"

 
Erected 1900 by State of Amazonas.
 
Location. 3° 7.818′ S, 60° 1.353′ W. Marker is in Manaus, Amazonas. Marker is on Rua Tapajós just north of Rua Dez de Julio. Touch for map. The monument is in the center of the plaza between the St. Sebastian Church and the renowned Teatro Amazonas - about one half mile north of the Port of Manaus on the Rio Negro, and twelve miles west of the Negro's confluence with the Rio Solimões, the beginning of the lower Amazon River. Marker is in this post office area: Manaus, Amazonas 69010-150, Brazil.
 
Also see . . .
1. Port of Manaus. ... The Port of Manaus was one of Brazil’s first cities to have electricity. In the early 1900s, an English company began to improve port facilities, adding a customs house, a stone quay, storage, and floating wharves. Many buildings of that period were ordered from Europe. When the rubber market collapsed in the 1920s, the Port of Manaus declined and did not recover until 1967 when it was made a duty-free zone. ... (Submitted on January 13, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.) 

2. Church of Saint Sebastian (Manaus). (Submitted on January 13, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
3. Amazon Theater. Inaugurated December 31, 1896. (Submitted on January 13, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.) 

4. Manaus. "Heart of the Amazon"
Praça São Sebastião image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, December 17, 2009
3. Praça São Sebastião
looking eastward past the monument, with Saint Sebastian Church (Igreja do São Sebastião, 1888) in background.
... "City of the Forest" (Submitted on January 13, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.) 
 
Additional keywords. Manaus; "Monument to the Opening of the Ports"; a Paris dos Trópicos; Igreja São Sebastião; Teatro Amazonas; Alfandega; opera house; rubber boom; "Meeting of the Waters".
 
Categories. Arts, Letters, MusicChurches, Etc.GovernmentIndustry & CommerceLandmarksNotable EventsNotable PlacesWaterways & Vessels
 
Teatro das Amazonas - view westward from the "Monument to the Opening of the Ports" image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, December 17, 2009
4. Teatro das Amazonas - view westward from the "Monument to the Opening of the Ports"
Teatro Amazonas (interior marker) image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, December 17, 2009
5. Teatro Amazonas (interior marker)
Constructed in 1896 by Captain Engineer
Eduardo Goncalves Ribeiro,
Governor of the State
<i>Alfandega</i>: the Port of Manaus Customs House (1906) image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, December 18, 2009
6. Alfandega: the Port of Manaus Customs House (1906)
- half a mile south of the "Monument to the Opening of the Ports."
Fishing boats at the "Meeting of the Waters" - in the rainforest below the Port of Manaus image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, December 18, 2009
7. Fishing boats at the "Meeting of the Waters" - in the rainforest below the Port of Manaus
- where the brown waters of the Rio Solimões (center left) and the dark waters of the Rio Negro (bottom) phenomenally converge without mixing - to form the great Lower Amazon River, "open to the merchant ships of all nations" for more than 1,000 miles between here and the Atlantic Ocean.
International commerce - containers being transferred between ships in the Port of Manaus image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, December 18, 2009
8. International commerce - containers being transferred between ships in the Port of Manaus
Riverine passenger vessels at floating terminal in the Port of Manaus image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, December 18, 2009
9. Riverine passenger vessels at floating terminal in the Port of Manaus
Praça São Sebastião: inlaid pavement decorated in the "Meeting of the Rivers" pattern image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, December 17, 2009
10. Praça São Sebastião: inlaid pavement decorated in the "Meeting of the Rivers" pattern
- symbolic of Brazil itself.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 13, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 3,194 times since then and 102 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on January 13, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   8, 9. submitted on January 17, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   10. submitted on January 18, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
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