Buckeye Furnace in Jackson County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Hanging Rock Region
Charcoal iron production in Ohio was centered in the Hanging Rock Region, a geographic area extending from Hocking County to the Ohio River and including portions of northern Kentucky. The region encompassed an 1800 square mile area that was rich in deposits of iron ore and limestone and was covered by a forest that supplied the raw material for charcoal. Union Furnace, built in 1826, was the first to be located in the Hanging Rock Region. By 1856, sixty-five furnaces were located in this region, and the Ohio furnaces alone produced 105,000 tons of pig iron that year.
Stimulated by a need for munitions during the Civil War, the demand for iron produced by the Hanging Rock charcoal furnaces increased. After the Civil War, however, the furnaces fell on hard times. By the beginning of the 20th century the once prosperous industry had all but disappeared.
The decline of the Hanging Rock charcoal furnaces was a result of several changes that swept across the American iron industry during the second half of the 19th century.
When Jefferson Furnace at Oak Hill closed on December
Erected by the Ohio Historical Society.
Location. 39° 3.297′ N, 82° 27.526′ W. Marker is in Buckeye Furnace, Ohio, in Jackson County. Marker is at the intersection of Buckeye Park Road (Local Road 167) and Buckeye Road (Local Road 165) on Buckeye Park Road. Touch for map. Marker is adjacent to the parking lot for Buckeye Furnace State Historical Site. Marker is at or near this postal address: 123 Buckeye Park Road, Wellston OH 45692, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Buckeye Furnace (within shouting distance of this marker); Scales (within shouting distance of this marker); Stock Shed (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Stockyard (about 700 feet away); Berlin Crossroads (approx. 4.6 miles away); Berlin Heights Battlefield (approx. 4.6 miles away); Ewington Academy (approx. 6.4 miles away); Henry Duc and the Defenders of Our Country (approx. 7.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buckeye Furnace.
Also see . . .
1. Buckeye Furnace Historical Site. (Submitted on January 14, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. The Buckeye Furnace Community. (Submitted on January 14, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Landmarks • Man-Made Features • Natural Resources • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 14, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 992 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 14, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.