Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Basin was large and elevated, and the water level could be maintained by flow from the Canal. The Canal Company leased water to the mills on a yearly basis, rated on the volume of the flow.
Franklin Paper was powered by a Basin-fed mill race which ran south between 8th and 9th Streets. It was the first paper mill in Richmond and later made the stock for Confederate currency. The site is occupied today by the Federal Reserve Bank.
Other ante-bellum facilities powered by the Basin race included the shops of the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad and an iron works.
Location. 37° 32.234′ N, 77° 26.333′ W. Marker is in Richmond, Virginia. Marker can be reached from the intersection of South 8th Street and East Canal Street. Touch for map. This marker is located along the Dominion Building plaza. Marker is at or near this postal address: 701 East Cary Street, Richmond VA 23219, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Downtown Richmond Millsites (here, next to this marker); Kanawha Plaza (within shouting distance of this marker); Canal Walk (within shouting distance of this marker); Evacuation of Richmond (within shouting distance of this marker); Evacuation Fire (within shouting distance of this marker); The First National Bank Building (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Great Turning Basin (approx. 0.2 miles away); Richmond Evacuation Fire (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
More about this marker. On the left is a map of the "Basin Race" with the caption, "Section from 1876 map. Mill race exited west from arm on the south side of Great Basin, then flowed south to the Haxall Canal."
On the right is a period photo of the "Ruin of Franklin Paper Mill, 1865 (Photo by A. Russell, Courtesy of Library of Congress)"
Also see . . . James River and Kanawha Canal Historic District. National Park Service (Submitted on January 18, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • Antebellum South, US • Industry & Commerce • Railroads & Streetcars • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 17, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 823 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 17, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.