Fort Ancient in Warren County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Fort Ancient Prehistoric Indian Earthworks
You are standing inside an earthworks built by prehistoric Hopewell Indians nearly 2000 years ago. Early settlers in this area thought these walls were constructed as a fort. Today, archaeologists believe the site was used primarily as a religious and social center. Some of the walls and mounds may function as astronomical calendars. The Hopewell Indians occupied the major river valleys of southern Ohio where they constructed hilltop enclosures, geometrically shaped earthworks, and mounds. For reasons still unclear, the Hopewell culture disappeared about 500 to 600 AD.
The second major group associated with this site lived here betweeen 1200 and 1450 AD. These people lived in villages and supported themselves by growing corn, beans, and squash in addition to hunting, fishing, and collecting wild plant foods. They located one of their communities nearby along the Little Miami River, and another one within the South Fort portion of the enclosure. While this second culture did not build the earthworks, it was the first culture discovered by archaeologists at this site. As a result, the culture and the site were both named Fort Ancient.
More information on the archaeology of Fort Ancient State Memorial is available in the museum. Please help us preserve this important site by walking only on the trails, not on the earthworks.
Erected by The Ohio Historical Society.
Location. 39° 24.009′ N, 84° 5.877′ W. Marker is in Fort Ancient, Ohio, in Warren County. Touch for map. Marker is about 100 feet south of the South Fort's North Overlook on Fort Ancient State Memorial. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6123 Ohio Route 350, Oregonia OH 45054, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. North Overlook (a few steps from this marker); Hilltop Enclosure (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Ancient Dwelling (within shouting distance of this marker); The Myth of the Mound Builders (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Ancient Earthworks (approx. 0.2 miles away); Changes at Fort Ancient (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Civilian Conservation Corps (approx. ¼ mile away); Stages of Construction / Crescent Mounds (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Ancient.
Also see . . .
1. Fort Ancient. (Submitted on January 25, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Fort Ancient Earthworks. (Submitted on January 25, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Landmarks • Man-Made Features • Native Americans • Natural Features • Notable Places •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 25, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,345 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 25, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.